Also called 🇬🇧 English yew and yew.

Part of yew  family Taxaceae in 🌲︎ conifer  order Pinales.

Native to 🇪🇺 Europe, northern Africa and western Asia.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Gymnosperm database > sections Ethnobotany and Remarks

☠︎ Poisonous[?] (all parts of plant).

Ötzi the Iceman carried a ♐︎ longbow and ⛏ axe-handle made of the wood of this plant 🇪🇺 European yew  Taxus baccata. [1]

The yew is a 🌲︎ conifer with seed cones that are fleshy and berry-like, and contain only a single scale and seed.

However, conifers are described as:

  1. not enclosing its seeds in any ovary structure ('naked' seeds or gymnosperm ), and
  2. packaging its seeds in cones (apparently a different type of female reproductive structure).

Thus, the yew violates both these rules.  Yet remains categorized as a conifer.


[1]  "Ötzi the Iceman" page "Equipment" sections "Longbow, arrows and quiver" and "Copper axe."  South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology.  .   Accessed .

Learn more about 🇪🇺 European yew Taxus baccata

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