Also called English yew and yew.  Part of yew  family Taxaceae.

Native to 🇪🇺 Europe, North Africa and western Asia.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Ötzi the Iceman carried an 🔨︎ axe-handle and ♐︎ longbow made of yew. [1]

The yew is a 🌲︎ conifer, which:

  1. does not enclose its seeds in any ovary structure ('naked' seeds or gymnosperm ), and
  2. packages its seeds in cones (apparently a different type of female reproductive structure).
The yew violates both these rules to extremes, with seed cones that are fleshy and berry-like, and contain only a single scale and seed.

References

[1]  "Ötzi the Iceman" page "Equipment" sections "Longbow, arrows and quiver" and "Copper axe."  South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology.  2016.  Accessed 2017-02-10.

Learn more about European yew Taxus baccata

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