Part of birch  genus Betula in alder / birch / hazel / hornbeam  family Betulaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada Great Lakes and East, and 🇺🇸 USA Great Lakes, 🗻︎ Appalachia and East, in climax forests with beech and 🍁︎ maple.   ▭ 🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), ▭ 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file ▭ 🌎︎ today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

🌳︎ Provincial tree of Québec.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  ◼︎ "Yellow" in the name refers to the color of the tree's bark.  Its wood is valuable for veneer.

Despite its nickname, the aircraft Spruce Goose was built primarily of birch wood, with small amounts of maple, poplar, balsa, and, yes, spruce.

Betula hosts caterpillars of 413 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

In areas of high populations of deer  family Cervidae, landscapers may need to protect young trees with deer-exclosure plant cages for areas of extreme predation  Adobe Acrobat Reader file, and follow the tips in MSUE's article Smart Gardening to Deter Deer.

Learn more about ◼︎ yellow birch Betula alleghaniensis

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Minnesota Wildflowers Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia