Also called gray elm, soft elm and Ulmus fulva.  Part of elm  genus Ulmus in elm  family Ulmaceae in 🍎︎ apple / 🍇︎ berry / buckthorn / elm / hemp / 🌹︎ rose  order Rosales.

Native to central and eastern 🇺🇸 USA, and southern 🇨🇦 Canada.   🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Formerly abundant, in most of its former range, only very-young, short or treated trees can be found, due to infestation by Dutch elm disease (DED)  Ophiostoma ulmi et al (prevention and treatment [archived]).

This author has seen two beautiful majestic mature elms, apparently spared from DED by geographic isolation.  And some adolescent trees, too young to be attacked by the disease.  And read about treatments and blight-resistant hybrid cultivars.   But these actions seem pretty pathetic, compared to the scale of destruction.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Ulmus hosts caterpillars of 213 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.

Learn more about slippery elm/◼︎ red elm Ulmus rubra

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