Part of trillium  genus Trillium in bunchflower  family Melanthiaceae (formerly family Liliaceae ), in lily / trillium / 🌷︎ tulip  order Liliales.

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada and 🇺🇸 USA, east of the 🗻︎ Rocky Mountains.

⚘❀ Provincial flower of Ontario.  ⚘❀ State wild flower of Ohio.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Uses by butterflies,
planting info

Wildflowers of West Michigan  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 8) bloom dates in northern lower Michigan.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 2)

Trillium likes sandy soil, because their seeds are disbursed by 🐜︎ ants, and ants like sandy soil.   Trillium seeds are disbursed by ants because trillium seeds (and seeds of other woodland plants to seem to grow in clumps) have a yummy attachment, that cause 🐜︎ ants to move them to their nests, up to 2.4 m (8 feet) [2] or 8 m (30 feet) away! [3]

Learn more about ◼︎ white trillium Trillium grandiflorum

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Minnesota Wildflowers Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia