Also called Cynanchum vincetoxicum.

Part of dogbane  family Apocynaceae.

Native to Eurasia.   Invasive > 🇺🇸 USA   Invasive in many parts of North America, but many agencies currently track only ◼︎ black swallow-wort  Cynanchum louiseae and ◼︎ pale swallow-wort  Cynanchum rossicum.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Learn more about ◼︎ white swallow-wort Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

Treatment methods and timing (40-45°N lat.)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Management and Control (Wisconsin) (sister-species)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Best Control Practices BCP (Michigan) (sister-species)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file
Biological Control in Eastern USA  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 217)

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