Also called Cynanchum vincetoxicum.

Part of dogbane  family Apocynaceae.

Native to Eurasia.   🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (colors).   Probably invasive in North America, but agencies currently track only ◼︎ black swallow-wort  Cynanchum louiseae and ◼︎ pale swallow-wort  Cynanchum rossicum.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Learn more about ◼︎ white swallow-wort Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

Management and Control (Wisconsin) (sister-species)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Best Control Practices BCP (Michigan) (sister-species)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file
Biological Control in Eastern USA  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 217)

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Missouri Botanical Garden USDA PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia