Also called Cynanchum vincetoxicum.

Part of dogbane  family Apocynaceae.

Native to Eurasia.   🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (colors).   Probably invasive in North America, but agencies currently track only ◼︎ black swallow-wort  Cynanchum louiseae and ◼︎ pale swallow-wort  Cynanchum rossicum.

Learn more about ◼︎ white swallow-wort Vincetoxicum hirundinaria

Management and Control (Wisconsin) (sister species)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Best Control Practices BCP (Michigan) (sister species)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file
Biological Control in Eastern USA  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 217)

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