Viburnum is a genus of 150–175 species of shrubs and trees, some also called ➳ arrowwood.

All these are part of moschatel  family Adoxaceae.

Most species are native to the temperate 🌐︎ Northern Hemisphere, but some extend into tropical regions and South America.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key).

🚧 In the future, we will add here identi­fi­ca­tion paths for specific species of viburnum, probably starting with mapleleaf viburnum  Viburnum acerifolium, southern arrowwood viburnum  Viburnum dentatum, nannyberry  Viburnum lentago, European highbush-cranberry  Viburnum opulus, ◼︎ black-haw  Viburnum prunifolium and American highbush-cranberry  Viburnum trilobum.

Then we will probably add wild-raisin  Viburnum cassinoides, mooseberry  Viburnum edule, wayfaring tree  Viburnum lantana, withe-rod viburnum  Viburnum nudum, Japanese snowball  Viburnum plicatum, downy arrowwood  Viburnum rafinesquianum and Siebold's arrowwood  Viburnum sieboldii.

Please let us know which other species you would like to see here, using the button at the bottom of this page.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Viburnum hosts caterpillars of 102 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

In areas where this plant is native, this plant is among the wet-loving (but terrestrial ) shrubs and trees planted to protect eroding streambanks, lakeshores, floodplains, stormwater detention ponds, road slopes and landslides, using a process called live-staking.

Use in a house or fence corner garden, bloom dates, height, light, moisture, etc. (Pennsylvania).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (pages 29, 41, 47 and 49)   Growing info (three species) (SW Michigan).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

In areas of high populations of 🦌︎ deer  family Cervidae, landscapers may need to protect young viburnum within the ⚘🦌︎ deer browse line with:

Ötzi the Iceman carried:

For more about Ötzi:


[1]  "Ötzi the Iceman" page "Equipment" section "Birch-bark containers."  South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology.  .   Accessed .

[2]  "Ötzi the Iceman" page "Equipment" sections "Longbow, arrows and quiver" and "Copper axe."  South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology.  .   Accessed .

Learn more about viburnum genus Viburnum (Viburnum spp.)

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