Also spelled Carya illinoensis.

Part of hickory/​pecan  genus Carya in butternut/hickory/pecan/walnut  family Juglandaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to 🇲🇽 México and south-to-central 🇺🇸 USA.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key), 🗺 map today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

Pecan is the 🏛🌳︎ state tree and 🏛⚕︎🌰︎ state health nut of Texas, and the 🏛🌰︎ state nut of Alabama, Arkansas and California.  And 🥧 pies made from the pecan is the 🏛🥧 state pie of Texas, and part of the 🏛🍱︎ state meal of Oklahoma.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
 The word pecan comes from Algonquian.

Carya hosts caterpillars of 231 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

Learn more about pecan Carya illinoinensis

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia