Despite its similar scientific botanical name, not a sister-species to giant sequoia  Sequoiadendron giganteum.

But it is a close cousin, with both trees being in the same sequoia  subfamily Sequoioideae in cypress / juniper / redwood  family Cupressaceae in 🌲︎ conifer  order Pinales.

And both trees share being the 🏛🌲︎ state tree of California.

Native to a thin strip along the Pacific Ocean, in the 🏔 coastal mountains of central and northern California, extending a bit into southwestern Oregon.

🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key), 🗺 map (scroll down), 🗺 map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

This tree's range was much larger:
    to Los Angeles during the Last Glacial Period (∼115,000–11,700 years ago), and
    across 🇪🇺 Europe and Asia before the Quaternary ice ages (before 2.58 million years ago).

Planted elsewhere 🌐︎ around the globe:  A giant sequoia tree is thriving in a surprising place:  Northern Michigan.

Said to get much of its annual 💦︎ water and fixed nitrogen needs from the local ☀︎🌫 summer fog, collecting on the tree's small needles, with the water absorbing directly through its needles or bark, or dripping toward its roots.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Its 🪵 wood is used to make 🎸︎ ukuleles and mandolins, and for other uses needing durability.

Learn more about coast redwood or California redwood Sequoia sempervirens

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Gymnosperm database Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia