Also called Douglas' thornapple.

Part of hawthorn / thornapple  genus Crataegus (🏛 state flower of Missouri) in 🌹︎ rose  family Rosaceae in 🍎︎ apple / 🍇︎ berry / buckthorn / elm / hemp / 🌹︎ rose  order Rosales.

Native to western 🇨🇦 🇺🇸 Canada and USA.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), 🗺 map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Crataegus hosts caterpillars of 160 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

Learn more about ◼︎ black hawthorn Crataegus douglasii

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia