Part of 🌲︎ pine  genus Pinus in 🌲︎ cedar / fir / hemlock / larch / pine / spruce  family Pinaceae.


Native to 🗻︎ mountainous western 🇨🇦 Canada and 🇺🇸 USA.

▭ 🌎︎ Map (scroll down), ▭ 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

In this area (particularly 🇨🇦 Canada AB BC SK, and 🇺🇸 USA AZ CA CO ID MO MT NV NM OR SD UT WA WI WY):

  • do not move pine logs, stumps, branches, firewood nor untreated lumber
due to possible infestation by the insect mountain pine beetle (MPB)  Dendroctonus ponderosae, which carries various species of 🍄︎ fungus / mushroom  kingdom Fungi.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Pinus hosts caterpillars of 247 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.

Seeds from its cones are an important food source for 🐻︎ bears and other animals.  But the tree is having a tough time lately, attacked by diseases no longer suppressed by winter weather.  The trees are probably trying to compensate by moving up in altitude, but that process is slow if you are a tree.

Learn more about ◼︎ whitebark pine Pinus albicaulis

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Gymnosperm database Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia