One of the ◼︎ white oaks.

Part of oak  genus Quercus in beech / oak  family Fagaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada and 🇺🇸 USA, east of the 🗻︎ Rocky Mountains.   ▭ 🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), ▭ 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file ▭ 🌎︎ today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

🌳︎ State tree of Illinois, Connecticut and Maryland.

In this area:

  • do not move firewood (ever), and
  • do not prune February through June (Texas) or April 15 through July 15 (🇺🇸 USA Midwest and East),
due to possible infestation by oak wilt disease (OWD)  Bretziella fagacearum.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Its wood is used to make furniture, floors and barrels (including long-term storage for volatile liquids—◼︎ white oak has occluded pores, while ◼︎ red oak has open pores), and 🎸︎ guitars.

Leaves and acorns ☠︎ toxic[?] to humans, although many cultures process acorns to remove their tannins, making acorns an important staple food.

Quercus hosts caterpillars of 534 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.

Interview "Our Most Essential Trees: The Nature of Oaks, with Doug Tallamy"  The joe gardener Show.  or its 🔊︎ audio

Planting info (SW Michigan).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Learn more about ◼︎ white oak Quercus alba

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Minnesota Wildflowers Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia