Also called American ash.  Part of ash  genus Fraxinus and ash / lilac / olive  family Oleaceae.

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada and 🇺🇸 USA central and East.

Formerly abundant, in much of its range, this tree (and other native ashes) have been killed (or are now being killed) by parasitic insect emerald ash borer (EAB)  Agrilus planipennis.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Like the blue ash  Fraxinus quadrangulata, the wood of this tree makes great baseball bats, 🔨︎ tool handles, furniture and flooring.

Fraxinus hosts caterpillars of 150 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  Native alternatives for ashes killed by EAB (Missouri Botanical Garden).

Learn more about white ash Fraxinus americana

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