A group of about 20 related plants in 🌹︎ rose  family Rosaceae (in 🍎︎ apple / 🍇︎ berry / buckthorn / elm / hemp / 🌹︎ rose  order Rosales ), including species 🍓︎ wild strawberry  Fragaria virginiana and 🍓︎ garden strawberry  Fragaria × ananassa.

Please let us know which other species you would like to see here, using the button at the bottom of this page.

Despite its common name, botanically, its fruit is not a berry, but an "aggregate accessory".

Different species are native 🌍︎🌎︎🌏︎ worldwide, mostly in north temperate regions:  North America and Eurasia.   🗺 Map (🇨🇦 Canada, 🇺🇸 USA), 🗺 map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key).

The fruit of Fragaria × ananassa is the 🏛[🍎︎🍒︎🍐︎🍇︎🍓︎] state fruit of Delaware, Louisiana and Oklahoma, and the 🏛🍇︎ state red berry of North Carolina.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Fragaria hosts caterpillars of 82 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
Uses by butterflies,
planting info

Bloom dates.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 58) Bloom dates (Michigan).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 4)

Learn more about 🍓︎ strawberry genus Fragaria

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Minnesota Wildflowers Flora of North America USDA PLANTS db Wikipedia