Also called bull thistle, common thistle, Scots thistle, Scottish thistle and Scotch thistle.  It is the ⚘❀ national flower of Scotland.

Part of plume thistle  genus Cirsium in aster / daisy / 🌻︎ sunflower  family Asteraceae.

Native to 🇪🇺 Europe, western Asia, and northwestern Africa.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key).   Invasive > learn+quiz Invasive > 🌐︎ global Invasive > 🌐︎ various Invasive > 🇨🇦 Canada, 🇺🇸 USA Invasive > report it! Invasive > 🇺🇸 USA Invasive > Michigan seeds prohibited in Michigan  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 2)

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Learn more about spear thistle Cirsium vulgare

Control (Maryland)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 9)   Biological Control in Eastern USA  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 255)

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