0–9

2
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in bundles of 2–5 — pines  genus Pinus
⚘ ❀ flowers
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by two scales that touch without overlapping
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds w/2 scales
3
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in bundles of 2–5 — pines  genus Pinus
⚘ ❀ flowers
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by three or more scales
4
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in bundles of 2–5 — pines  genus Pinus
⚘ ❀ flowers
5
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in bundles of 2–5 — pines  genus Pinus
⚘ ❀ flowers
6+
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in tufts of 6+, 🍃︎ deciduous — larches  genus Larix
⚘ ❀ flowers

B

babylonica
weeping willow  Salix babylonica
baby's
baby's breath  Gypsophila paniculata
baccata
🇪🇺 European yew  Taxus baccata
bald
bald cypress  Taxodium distichum
balm
🐝︎ bee balm / bergamot / horsemint  genus Monarda
◼︎ 🐝︎ scarlet beebalm  Monarda didyma
spotted beebalm or spotted horsemint  Monarda punctata
balm of Gilead  Populus jackii
balsam
balsam fir  Abies balsamea
eastern balsam poplar  Populus balsamifera
balsamea
balsam fir  Abies balsamea
balsamifera
eastern balsam poplar  Populus balsamifera
bam
eastern balsam poplar  Populus balsamifera
banksiana
jack pine  Pinus banksiana
barberry
Japanese barberry  Berberis thunbergii
Oregon grape  Mahonia aquifolium
bark
shagbark hickory  Carya ovata
◼︎ whitebark pine  Pinus albicaulis
bark (on the trunk)
basswood
American basswood or American linden  Tilia americana
◼︎ white basswood  Tilia heterophylla
bay
sweetbay magnolia  Magnolia virginiana
beach
🇦🇺 Australian pine or beach she-oak  Casuarina equisetifolia
bead
◼︎ black jetbead  Rhodotypos scandens
bean
🥜︎ legume / bean / pea branches  family Fabaceae
bear
kinnikinnick or  🐻︎🍇︎ bearberry  Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
scrub oak  Quercus ilicifolia
beauty
Virginia springbeauty  Claytonia virginica
bee
🐝︎ bee balm / bergamot / horsemint  genus Monarda
◼︎ 🐝︎ scarlet beebalm  Monarda didyma
spotted beebalm or spotted horsemint  Monarda punctata
beech
American hornbeam or 💪︎ musclewood  Carpinus caroliniana
American beech  Fagus grandifolia
🇪🇺 European beech  Fagus sylvatica
◼︎ ◼︎ 🇪🇺 copper or purple European beech  Fagus sylvatica purpurea
bella
Bell's honeysuckle  Lonicera xbella
bell's
Bell's honeysuckle  Lonicera xbella
benzoin
spicebush (northern or common)  Lindera benzoin
berberis
Japanese barberry  Berberis thunbergii
Oregon grape  Mahonia aquifolium
bergamot
🐝︎ bee balm / bergamot / horsemint  genus Monarda
◼︎ 🐝︎ scarlet beebalm  Monarda didyma
wild bergamot  Monarda fistulosa
spotted beebalm or spotted horsemint  Monarda punctata
berry
downy or common serviceberry  Amelanchier arborea
kinnikinnick or  🐻︎🍇︎ bearberry  Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Japanese barberry  Berberis thunbergii
American hackberry  Celtis occidentalis
🍓︎ strawberry  genus Fragaria
common ❄ winter­berry/​Michigan holly/◼︎ black alder  Ilex verticillata
mulberry  genus Morus
◼︎ white mulberry  Morus alba
◼︎ red mulberry  Morus rubra
◼︎🐟︎ salmonberry  Rubus spectabilis
◼︎ American red raspberry  Rubus strigosus
elderberry  genus Sambucus
◼︎ American black elderberry / 🇨🇦 Canadian elderberry / common elderberry  Sambucus canadensis
◼︎ red elderberry  Sambucus racemosa
◼︎🫐 early lowbush blueberry  Vaccinium angustifolium
◼︎🫐 northern highbush blueberry  Vaccinium corymbosum
lingonberry  Vaccinium vitis-idaea
American highbush-cranberry  Viburnum trilobum
🍎︎🍇︎🌰︎🌾︎ fruit berries nuts cones seeds
betula
birch branches  genus Betula
◼︎ yellow birch  Betula alleghaniensis
cherry or sweet birch  Betula lenta
arctic dwarf birch  Betula nana
♒︎ river birch  Betula nigra
◼︎ American white birch or 📄︎ paper birch  Betula papyrifera
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European white birch  Betula pendula
◼︎ gray birch  Betula populifolia
betulaceae
alder/​birch/​hazel/​hornbeam branches  family Betulaceae
bicolor
♒︎ ◼︎ swamp white oak  Quercus bicolor
big
bigleaf maple  Acer macrophyllum
bigleaf magnolia  Magnolia macrophylla
bigtooth aspen  Populus grandidentata
bilateral
⚘ ❀ flowers
biloba
ginkgo  Ginkgo biloba
biological
plant leaf, tree, native gardening, and taxonomy (biological naming) terminology
birch
alder/​birch/​hazel/​hornbeam branches  family Betulaceae
birch branches  genus Betula
◼︎ yellow birch  Betula alleghaniensis
cherry or sweet birch  Betula lenta
arctic dwarf birch  Betula nana
♒︎ river birch  Betula nigra
◼︎ American white birch or 📄︎ paper birch  Betula papyrifera
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European white birch  Betula pendula
◼︎ gray birch  Betula populifolia
bird
🍒︎ pin cherry  Prunus pensylvanica
🍒︎ chokecherry  Prunus virginiana
bit
🇪🇺 European frog-bit  Hydrocharis morsus-ranae
bitter
hairy bittercress  Cardamine hirsuta
narrowleaf bittercress  Cardamine impatiens
bitternut hickory  Carya cordiformis
Oriental bittersweet  Celastrus orbiculatus
black
◼︎ 🍁︎ black maple  Acer nigrum
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European black alder  Alnus glutinosa
cherry or sweet birch  Betula lenta
♒︎ river birch  Betula nigra
◼︎ black hawthorn  Crataegus douglasii
◼︎ black swallow-wort  Cynanchum louiseae
◼︎ black ash  Fraxinus nigra
common ❄ winter­berry/​Michigan holly/◼︎ black alder  Ilex verticillata
◼︎ eastern black walnut  Juglans nigra
tamarack  Larix laricina
◼︎ black tupelo or black gum  Nyssa sylvatica
◼︎ black spruce  Picea mariana
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European black pine  Pinus nigra
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European black poplar  Populus nigra
◼︎ black cottonwood  Populus trichocarpa
◼︎🍒︎ black cherry  Prunus serotina
◼︎ blackjack oak  Quercus marilandica
◼︎ eastern black oak  Quercus velutina
◼︎ black jetbead  Rhodotypos scandens
◼︎ black locust  Robinia pseudoacacia
◼︎ black willow  Salix nigra
◼︎ American black elderberry / 🇨🇦 Canadian elderberry / common elderberry  Sambucus canadensis
blackjack
◼︎ blackjack oak  Quercus marilandica
bloodroot
bloodroot  Sanguinaria canadensis
blossom
⚘ ❀ flowers
blue
American hornbeam or 💪︎ musclewood  Carpinus caroliniana
◼︎ blue ash  Fraxinus quadrangulata
◼︎ Colorado blue spruce  Picea pungens
◼︎🫐 early lowbush blueberry  Vaccinium angustifolium
◼︎🫐 northern highbush blueberry  Vaccinium corymbosum
⚘ ❀ flowers
bog
bog Labrador tea  Rhododendron groenlandicum
borer
emerald ash borer (EAB)  Agrilus planipennis
boxelder
boxelder maple  Acer negundo
bracts
⚘ ❀ flowers
branches
alder/​birch/​hazel/​hornbeam branches  family Betulaceae
🥜︎ legume / bean / pea branches  family Fabaceae
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut branches  family Juglandaceae
maple branches  genus Acer
birch branches  genus Betula
hawthorn branches  genus Crataegus
ash branches  genus Fraxinus
magnolia branches  genus Magnolia
aspen/​cottonwood/​poplar branches  genus Populus
oak branches  genus Quercus
willow branches  genus Salix
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by three or more scales
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by two scales that touch without overlapping
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╫ opposite branching
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate (spiral) branching
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, large terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds not larger
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds w/2 scales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, w/terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, ___ smooth | sharp thorns
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, no thorns
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, thorn-like twigs
brazilian
🇧🇷 ♒︎ Brazilian water-weed  Egeria densa
breaking
glossy buckthorn  Frangula alnus
breath
baby's breath  Gypsophila paniculata
bretziella
oak wilt disease (OWD)  Bretziella fagacearum
brevifolia
Joshua tree  Yucca brevifolia
bristle
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth, bristle like a needle in each leaf tip
brittle
♒︎ brittle water-nymph  Najas minor
broadleaf
wapato  Sagittaria latifolia
terrestrial woody plants that had 🌳︎ broadleaves, 🍃︎ now gone (deciduous, dormant season)
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╫ opposite
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╫ opposite, 🌿︎ compound
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╫ opposite, 🍁︎🍂︎ simple
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate (spiral)
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🌿︎ compound ▲▲ toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🌿︎ compound
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∧ pointed tips
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∩ rounded tips
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎🍂︎ simple
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎🍂︎ simple, with ⍋ thorns or thorn-like twigs
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth, bristle like a needle in each leaf tip
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed but ▲▲ toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed but ▲▴▲▴ doubly-toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth, with short petioles
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍁︎ 📅︎ broadleaves a month or more after most other deciduous plants 🍃︎ lost their leaves, dormant season
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╫ opposite branching
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate (spiral) branching
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, large terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds not larger
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds w/2 scales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, w/terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, ___ smooth | sharp thorns
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, no thorns
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, thorn-like twigs
brown
⚘ ❀ flowers
buckeye
🌰︎ buckeye/​horse chestnut  genus Aesculus
◼︎ 🌰︎ yellow buckeye  Aesculus flava
🌰︎ Ohio buckeye  Aesculus glabra
buckthorn
glossy buckthorn  Frangula alnus
alderleaf buckthorn  Rhamnus alnifolia
common buckthorn  Rhamnus cathartica
bud
eastern redbud  Cercis canadensis
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by three or more scales
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by two scales that touch without overlapping
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, large terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds not larger
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds w/2 scales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, w/terminal buds
bundles
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in bundles of 2–5 — pines  genus Pinus
bur
bur oak  Quercus macrocarpa
burning
winged burning bush  Euonymus alatus
burnt
◼︎🍒︎ black cherry  Prunus serotina
bush
downy or common serviceberry  Amelanchier arborea
common buttonbush  Cephalanthus occidentalis
northern bush honeysuckle  Diervilla lonicera
winged burning bush  Euonymus alatus
spicebush (northern or common)  Lindera benzoin
◼︎🫐 early lowbush blueberry  Vaccinium angustifolium
◼︎🫐 northern highbush blueberry  Vaccinium corymbosum
American highbush-cranberry  Viburnum trilobum
business
Business Plan
butomus
flowering rush  Butomus umbellatus
buttercup
lesser celandine  Ficaria verna
butterfly
butterfly milkweed  Asclepias tuberosa
monarch butterfly  Danaus plexippus
butternut
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut branches  family Juglandaceae
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut leaves  family Juglandaceae
butternut or walnut leaves  genus Juglans
butternut or ◼︎ white walnut  Juglans cinerea
buttonbush
common buttonbush  Cephalanthus occidentalis

D

dame's
dame's rocket  Hesperis matronalis
danaus
monarch butterfly  Danaus plexippus
decidua
🇪🇺 European larch  Larix decidua
deciduous
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in tufts of 6+, 🍃︎ deciduous — larches  genus Larix
terrestrial woody plants that had 🌲︎ needles (conifers), 🍃︎ now gone (deciduous, dormant season)
terrestrial woody plants that had 🌳︎ broadleaves, 🍃︎ now gone (deciduous, dormant season)
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍁︎ 📅︎ broadleaves a month or more after most other deciduous plants 🍃︎ lost their leaves, dormant season
decurrens
California incense cedar  Calocedrus decurrens
delicatula
🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula
delight
butterfly milkweed  Asclepias tuberosa
deltoides
eastern cottonwood  Populus deltoides
densa
🇧🇷 ♒︎ Brazilian water-weed  Egeria densa
dentata
🌰︎ American chestnut  Castanea dentata
dentatum
➳ southern arrowwood viburnum  Viburnum dentatum
desert
🌴︎ California fan palm  Washingtonia filifera
didyma
◼︎ 🐝︎ scarlet beebalm  Monarda didyma
diervilla
northern bush honeysuckle  Diervilla lonicera
dioicus
Kentucky coffeetree  Gymnocladus dioicus
dioscorea
🇨🇳 Chinese yam  Dioscorea polystachya
diospyros
American persimmon  Diospyros virginiana
diphyllum
celandine poppy  Stylophorum diphyllum
disease
Japanese barberry  Berberis thunbergii
oak wilt disease (OWD)  Bretziella fagacearum
dis-ta'-tsi
Pacific madrone  Arbutus menziesii
distichum
bald cypress  Taxodium distichum
diversilobum
X✋︎ Pacific poison oak ✋︎X  Toxicodendron diversilobum
dogtooth
◼︎ yellow trout lily or ◼︎ ◼︎ yellow dogtooth violet  Erythronium americanum
dogwood
dogwood  genus Cornus
❀ flowering dogwood  Cornus florida
Cornelian-cherry dogwood  Cornus mas
◼︎ gray dogwood  Cornus racemosa
◼︎ red osier or red-twig dogwood  Cornus sericea
domestica
🍎︎ common apple  Malus pumila
donax
giant reed  Arundo donax
dormant
terrestrial woody plants that had 🌲︎ needles (conifers), 🍃︎ now gone (deciduous, dormant season)
terrestrial woody plants that had 🌳︎ broadleaves, 🍃︎ now gone (deciduous, dormant season)
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍁︎ 📅︎ broadleaves a month or more after most other deciduous plants 🍃︎ lost their leaves, dormant season
dotted
dotted hawthorn  Crataegus punctata
doubly-toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed but ▲▴▲▴ doubly-toothed
douglas
Douglas fir  Pseudotsuga menziesii
douglasii
◼︎ black hawthorn  Crataegus douglasii
downy
downy or common serviceberry  Amelanchier arborea
downy hawthorn  Crataegus mollis
drupe
kinnikinnick or  🐻︎🍇︎ bearberry  Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
duck-potato
wapato  Sagittaria latifolia
dulcamara
climbing nightshade  Solanum dulcamara
dulce
organpipe cactus  Stenocereus thurberi
dwarf
arctic dwarf birch  Betula nana
Allegheny chinquapin  Castanea pumila

F

fabaceae
🥜︎ legume / bean / pea branches  family Fabaceae
face-like
⚘ ❀ flowers
fagacearum
oak wilt disease (OWD)  Bretziella fagacearum
fagus
American beech  Fagus grandifolia
🇪🇺 European beech  Fagus sylvatica
◼︎ ◼︎ 🇪🇺 copper or purple European beech  Fagus sylvatica purpurea
falcata
◼︎ southern red oak  Quercus falcata
fallopia
Japanese knotweed  Fallopia japonica
giant knotweed  Fallopia sachalinensis
false
◼︎ black locust  Robinia pseudoacacia
family
🌴︎ palms  family Arecaceae
alder/​birch/​hazel/​hornbeam branches  family Betulaceae
🌵︎ cactus  family Cactaceae
cypress / juniper / redwood  family Cupressaceae
🥜︎ legume / bean / pea branches  family Fabaceae
hydrangea  family Hydrangeaceae
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut branches  family Juglandaceae
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut leaves  family Juglandaceae
fan
Carolina fanwort  Cabomba caroliniana
🌴︎ California fan palm  Washingtonia filifera
faxoniana
⚶ Torrey yucca  Yucca faxoniana
feather
♒︎ parrot feather water-milfoil  Myriophyllum aquaticum
ficaria
lesser celandine  Ficaria verna
field
creeping thistle, Canada thistle, or field thistle  Cirsium arvense
fig
lesser celandine  Ficaria verna
filifera
🌴︎ California fan palm  Washingtonia filifera
filipendula
queen of the prairie  Filipendula rubra
fir
fir  genus Abies
balsam fir  Abies balsamea
◼︎ white fir  Abies concolor
Fraser fir  Abies fraseri
Douglas fir  Pseudotsuga menziesii
fire
🇪🇺 European fireweed  Epilobium hirsutum
🍒︎ pin cherry  Prunus pensylvanica
fistulosa
wild bergamot  Monarda fistulosa
flava
◼︎ 🌰︎ yellow buckeye  Aesculus flava
flexilis
limber pine or 🗻◼︎ Rocky Mountain white pine  Pinus flexilis
floating
◼︎ yellow floating heart  Nymphoides peltata
florida
❀ flowering dogwood  Cornus florida
flower
butterfly milkweed  Asclepias tuberosa
flowering rush  Butomus umbellatus
❀ flowering dogwood  Cornus florida
⚘ ❀ flowers
fly
🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula
forsythia
forsythia  genus Forsythia
fragaria
🍓︎ strawberry  genus Fragaria
fragrant
fragrant sumac  Rhus aromatica
frangula
glossy buckthorn  Frangula alnus
fraser
Fraser fir  Abies fraseri
fraseri
Fraser fir  Abies fraseri
🗻 mountain magnolia  Magnolia fraseri
fraxinus
ash branches  genus Fraxinus
◼︎ white ash  Fraxinus americana
◼︎ black ash  Fraxinus nigra
◼︎ red ash  Fraxinus pennsylvanica
◼︎ blue ash  Fraxinus quadrangulata
french
🇬🇧 English oak  Quercus robur
fringe
◼︎ white fringe tree  Chionanthus virginicus
frogbit
🇪🇺 European frog-bit  Hydrocharis morsus-ranae
fruit
🍎︎🍇︎🌰︎🌾︎ fruit berries nuts cones seeds
fulgida
jumping cholla  Cylindropuntia fulgida
fungi
🍄︎ fungus / mushroom  kingdom Fungi
fungus
🍄︎ fungus / mushroom  kingdom Fungi

H

hackberry
American hackberry  Celtis occidentalis
hackmatack
eastern balsam poplar  Populus balsamifera
hair
ginkgo  Ginkgo biloba
hairy
hairy bittercress  Cardamine hirsuta
hamamelis
American witch-hazel  Hamamelis virginiana
hardy
northern or hardy catalpa  Catalpa speciosa
hawthorn
hawthorn branches  genus Crataegus
cockspur hawthorn  Crataegus crus-galli
◼︎ black hawthorn  Crataegus douglasii
thicket hawthorn  Crataegus intricata
downy hawthorn  Crataegus mollis
Washington hawthorn  Crataegus phaenopyrum
dotted hawthorn  Crataegus punctata
hazel
alder/​birch/​hazel/​hornbeam branches  family Betulaceae
American hazelnut  Corylus americana
American witch-hazel  Hamamelis virginiana
hazelnut
American hazelnut  Corylus americana
head
wapato  Sagittaria latifolia
heart
◼︎ yellow floating heart  Nymphoides peltata
heath
◼︎ white heath aster  Symphyotrichum ericoides
heaven
tree of heaven (ToH)  Ailanthus altissima
helianthus
🌻︎ sunflower  genus Helianthus
helmsii
♒︎ swamp stonecrop  Crassula helmsii
hemlock
hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA)  Adelges tsugae
spotted water hemlock  Cicuta maculata
poison hemlock  Conium maculatum
hemlock  genus Tsuga
eastern hemlock  Tsuga canadensis
western hemlock  Tsuga heterophylla
heracleum
X✋︎ ☠︎ giant hogweed ☠︎ ✋︎X  Heracleum mantegazzianum
X✋︎ ☠︎ cow parsnip ☠︎ ✋︎X  Heracleum maximum
herbaceous
terrestrial ☙ herbaceous plants
hesperis
dame's rocket  Hesperis matronalis
heterophylla
♒︎ swamp cottonwood  Populus heterophylla
◼︎ white basswood  Tilia heterophylla
western hemlock  Tsuga heterophylla
hickory
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut branches  family Juglandaceae
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut leaves  family Juglandaceae
hickory or pecan leaves  genus Carya
bitternut hickory  Carya cordiformis
pignut hickory  Carya glabra
shagbark hickory  Carya ovata
mockernut hickory  Carya tomentosa
highbush
◼︎🫐 northern highbush blueberry  Vaccinium corymbosum
American highbush-cranberry  Viburnum trilobum
hippocastanum
🌰︎ horse chestnut  Aesculus hippocastanum
hirsuta
hairy bittercress  Cardamine hirsuta
hirsutum
🇪🇺 European fireweed  Epilobium hirsutum
hirundinaria
◼︎ white swallow-wort  Vincetoxicum hirundinaria
hogweed
X✋︎ ☠︎ giant hogweed ☠︎ ✋︎X  Heracleum mantegazzianum
holly
🇬🇧 English holly  Ilex aquifolium
American holly  Ilex opaca
common ❄ winter­berry/​Michigan holly/◼︎ black alder  Ilex verticillata
Oregon grape  Mahonia aquifolium
honey
honey locust  Gleditsia triacanthos
honeysuckle
northern bush honeysuckle  Diervilla lonicera
honeysuckle leaves  genus Lonicera
Japanese honeysuckle  Lonicera japonica
Amur honeysuckle  Lonicera maackii
Morrow's honeysuckle  Lonicera morrowii
Tatarian honeysuckle  Lonicera tatarica
Bell's honeysuckle  Lonicera xbella
hophornbeam
American hophornbeam or ⚒ ironwood  Ostrya virginiana
hops
Japanese hops  Humulus japonicus
hoptree
hoptree  Ptelea trifoliata
horizontalis
creeping juniper  Juniperus horizontalis
horn
staghorn cholla  Cylindropuntia echinocarpa
hornbeam
alder/​birch/​hazel/​hornbeam branches  family Betulaceae
American hornbeam or 💪︎ musclewood  Carpinus caroliniana
horse
🌰︎ buckeye/​horse chestnut  genus Aesculus
🌰︎ horse chestnut  Aesculus hippocastanum
🍊︎ Osage orange  Maclura pomifera
🐝︎ bee balm / bergamot / horsemint  genus Monarda
spotted beebalm or spotted horsemint  Monarda punctata
humulus
Japanese hops  Humulus japonicus
hwa
hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA)  Adelges tsugae
hyacinth
♒︎ common water-hyacinth  Eichhornia crassipes
hydrangea
hydrangea  family Hydrangeaceae
hydrangeaceae
hydrangea  family Hydrangeaceae
hydrilla
hydrilla  Hydrilla verticillata
hydrocharis
🇪🇺 European frog-bit  Hydrocharis morsus-ranae
hygrophila
🇮🇳 ♒︎ Indian swampweed  Hygrophila polysperma

J

jack
Jack in the pulpit  Arisaema triphyllum
jack pine  Pinus banksiana
northern pin oak  Quercus ellipsoidalis
◼︎ blackjack oak  Quercus marilandica
jackii
balm of Gilead  Populus jackii
japanese
Japanese maple  Acer palmatum
Japanese barberry  Berberis thunbergii
Japanese knotweed  Fallopia japonica
Japanese hops  Humulus japonicus
Japanese honeysuckle  Lonicera japonica
Japanese stilt grass  Microstegium vimineum
japonica
Japanese knotweed  Fallopia japonica
Japanese honeysuckle  Lonicera japonica
japonicum
katsura  Cercidiphyllum japonicum
japonicus
Japanese hops  Humulus japonicus
jetbead
◼︎ black jetbead  Rhodotypos scandens
jewelweed
ornamental jewelweed  Impatiens glandulifera
joe
Joe Pye weed  genus Eutrochium
joshua
Joshua tree  Yucca brevifolia
juglandaceae
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut branches  family Juglandaceae
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut leaves  family Juglandaceae
juglans
butternut or walnut leaves  genus Juglans
butternut or ◼︎ white walnut  Juglans cinerea
◼︎ eastern black walnut  Juglans nigra
julibrissin
mimosa silk tree  Albizia julibrissin
jumping
jumping cholla  Cylindropuntia fulgida
juneberry
downy or common serviceberry  Amelanchier arborea
juniper
cypress / juniper / redwood  family Cupressaceae
juniper  genus Juniperus
common juniper  Juniperus communis
creeping juniper  Juniperus horizontalis
◼︎ eastern red cedar  Juniperus virginiana
juniperus
juniper  genus Juniperus
common juniper  Juniperus communis
creeping juniper  Juniperus horizontalis
◼︎ eastern red cedar  Juniperus virginiana

L

labrador
bog Labrador tea  Rhododendron groenlandicum
lagarosiphon
African oxygen weed  Lagarosiphon major
lanceolata
◼︎ red ash  Fraxinus pennsylvanica
landscaping
sustainable landscaping and gardening with  native plants
lanternfly
🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula
larch
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in tufts of 6+, 🍃︎ deciduous — larches  genus Larix
🇪🇺 European larch  Larix decidua
tamarack  Larix laricina
subalpine larch  Larix lyallii
western larch  Larix occidentalis
large
bigtooth aspen  Populus grandidentata
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, large terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds not larger
laricina
tamarack  Larix laricina
larix
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in tufts of 6+, 🍃︎ deciduous — larches  genus Larix
🇪🇺 European larch  Larix decidua
tamarack  Larix laricina
subalpine larch  Larix lyallii
western larch  Larix occidentalis
lateral
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by three or more scales
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by two scales that touch without overlapping
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth, with short petioles
latifolia
wapato  Sagittaria latifolia
latifolium
bog Labrador tea  Rhododendron groenlandicum
lawson
Port Orford cedar  Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
lawsoniana
Port Orford cedar  Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
leaf
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut leaves  family Juglandaceae
🍁︎ maple leaves  genus Acer
bigleaf maple  Acer macrophyllum
boxelder maple  Acer negundo
narrowleaf bittercress  Cardamine impatiens
hickory or pecan leaves  genus Carya
leafy spurge  Euphorbia esula
butternut or walnut leaves  genus Juglans
honeysuckle leaves  genus Lonicera
bigleaf magnolia  Magnolia macrophylla
shortleaf pine  Pinus echinata
longleaf pine  Pinus palustris
aspen/​cottonwood/​poplar leaves  genus Populus
♒︎ curly-leaf pondweed  Potamogeton crispus
alderleaf buckthorn  Rhamnus alnifolia
willow leaves  genus Salix
peach-leaved willow  Salix amygdaloides
narrowleaf cattail  Typha angustifolia
plant leaf, tree, native gardening, and taxonomy (biological naming) terminology
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth, bristle like a needle in each leaf tip
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍁︎ 📅︎ broadleaves a month or more after most other deciduous plants 🍃︎ lost their leaves, dormant season
ledum
bog Labrador tea  Rhododendron groenlandicum
legume
🥜︎ legume / bean / pea branches  family Fabaceae
lenta
cherry or sweet birch  Betula lenta
lesser
lesser celandine  Ficaria verna
lettuce
♒︎ water lettuce  Pistia stratiotes
leymus
lyme-grass  Leymus arenarius
ligustrum
🇪🇺 European privet  Ligustrum vulgare
lilium
Michigan lily  Lilium michiganense
lily
◼︎ yellow trout lily or ◼︎ ◼︎ yellow dogtooth violet  Erythronium americanum
Michigan lily  Lilium michiganense
limber
limber pine or 🗻◼︎ Rocky Mountain white pine  Pinus flexilis
linden
American basswood or American linden  Tilia americana
lindera
spicebush (northern or common)  Lindera benzoin
lingonberry
lingonberry  Vaccinium vitis-idaea
liquidambar
American sweetgum  Liquidambar styraciflua
liriodendron
🌷︎ American tulip tree  Liriodendron tulipifera
live
southern live oak  Quercus virginiana
lobata
kudzu  Pueraria montana
lobed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∧ pointed tips
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∩ rounded tips
loblolly
loblolly pine  Pinus taeda
locust
honey locust  Gleditsia triacanthos
◼︎ black locust  Robinia pseudoacacia
lodgepole
lodgepole pine  Pinus contorta
logo
our logo
longleaf
longleaf pine  Pinus palustris
lonicera
northern bush honeysuckle  Diervilla lonicera
honeysuckle leaves  genus Lonicera
Japanese honeysuckle  Lonicera japonica
Amur honeysuckle  Lonicera maackii
Morrow's honeysuckle  Lonicera morrowii
Tatarian honeysuckle  Lonicera tatarica
Bell's honeysuckle  Lonicera xbella
loosestrife
◼︎ garden yellow loosestrife  Lysimachia vulgaris
◼︎ purple loosestrife  Lythrum salicaria
lophocereus
senita cactus  Pachycereus schottii
lost
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍁︎ 📅︎ broadleaves a month or more after most other deciduous plants 🍃︎ lost their leaves, dormant season
louiseae
◼︎ black swallow-wort  Cynanchum louiseae
lowbush
◼︎🫐 early lowbush blueberry  Vaccinium angustifolium
lutea
◼︎ Kentucky yellowwood  Cladrastis kentukea
luteum
◼︎ yellow trillium  Trillium luteum
lyallii
subalpine larch  Larix lyallii
lycorma
🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula
lyme
Japanese barberry  Berberis thunbergii
lyme-grass  Leymus arenarius
lysimachia
moneywort  Lysimachia nummularia
◼︎ garden yellow loosestrife  Lysimachia vulgaris
lythrum
◼︎ purple loosestrife  Lythrum salicaria

N

najas
♒︎ brittle water-nymph  Najas minor
naming
plant leaf, tree, native gardening, and taxonomy (biological naming) terminology
nana
arctic dwarf birch  Betula nana
narrowleaf
narrowleaf bittercress  Cardamine impatiens
narrowleaf cattail  Typha angustifolia
natans
♒︎ water-chestnut  Trapa natans
native
sustainable landscaping and gardening with  native plants
plant leaf, tree, native gardening, and taxonomy (biological naming) terminology
nature
about I Can See Nature!
needle
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles or overlapping scales — conifers  order Pinales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in tufts of 6+, 🍃︎ deciduous — larches  genus Larix
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in bundles of 2–5 — pines  genus Pinus
terrestrial woody plants that had 🌲︎ needles (conifers), 🍃︎ now gone (deciduous, dormant season)
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged singly
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth, bristle like a needle in each leaf tip
negundo
boxelder maple  Acer negundo
nightshade
climbing nightshade  Solanum dulcamara
nigra
♒︎ river birch  Betula nigra
◼︎ black ash  Fraxinus nigra
◼︎ eastern black walnut  Juglans nigra
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European black pine  Pinus nigra
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European black poplar  Populus nigra
♒︎ water oak  Quercus nigra
◼︎ black willow  Salix nigra
◼︎ American black elderberry / 🇨🇦 Canadian elderberry / common elderberry  Sambucus canadensis
nigrum
◼︎ 🍁︎ black maple  Acer nigrum
ninaatik
🍬︎🍁︎ sugar maple  Acer saccharum
ninebark
ninebark (common, Eastern, or Atlantic)  Physocarpus opulifolius
nitellopsis
starry stonewort  Nitellopsis obtusa
non-lobed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth, bristle like a needle in each leaf tip
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed but ▲▲ toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed but ▲▴▲▴ doubly-toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth, with short petioles
nootka
◼︎ Alaska yellow cedar or Nootka cypress  Callitropsis nootkatensis
nootkatensis
◼︎ Alaska yellow cedar or Nootka cypress  Callitropsis nootkatensis
northern
northern or hardy catalpa  Catalpa speciosa
northern bush honeysuckle  Diervilla lonicera
spicebush (northern or common)  Lindera benzoin
◼︎ eastern white pine  Pinus strobus
northern pin oak  Quercus ellipsoidalis
◼︎ northern red oak  Quercus rubra
◼︎ northern white cedar  Thuja occidentalis
◼︎🫐 northern highbush blueberry  Vaccinium corymbosum
lingonberry  Vaccinium vitis-idaea
northern wild rice  Zizania palustris
norway
🇳🇴 🍁︎ Norway maple  Acer platanoides
🇳🇴 Norway spruce  Picea abies
nummularia
moneywort  Lysimachia nummularia
nut
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut branches  family Juglandaceae
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut leaves  family Juglandaceae
🌰︎ buckeye/​horse chestnut  genus Aesculus
🌰︎ horse chestnut  Aesculus hippocastanum
bitternut hickory  Carya cordiformis
pignut hickory  Carya glabra
mockernut hickory  Carya tomentosa
🌰︎ American chestnut  Castanea dentata
Allegheny chinquapin  Castanea pumila
American hazelnut  Corylus americana
butternut or walnut leaves  genus Juglans
butternut or ◼︎ white walnut  Juglans cinerea
◼︎ eastern black walnut  Juglans nigra
rock chestnut oak  Quercus montana
♒︎ water-chestnut  Trapa natans
🍎︎🍇︎🌰︎🌾︎ fruit berries nuts cones seeds
nymph
♒︎ brittle water-nymph  Najas minor
nymphoides
◼︎ yellow floating heart  Nymphoides peltata
nyssa
◼︎ black tupelo or black gum  Nyssa sylvatica

P

pachycereus
senita cactus  Pachycereus schottii
pacific
Pacific madrone  Arbutus menziesii
◼︎ western redcedar  Thuja plicata
X✋︎ Pacific poison oak ✋︎X  Toxicodendron diversilobum
pale
◼︎ pale swallow-wort  Cynanchum rossicum
palm
🌴︎ palms  family Arecaceae
🌴︎ California fan palm  Washingtonia filifera
Joshua tree  Yucca brevifolia
palmae
🌴︎ palms  family Arecaceae
palmatum
Japanese maple  Acer palmatum
palustre
🇪🇺 ♒︎ European swamp thistle  Cirsium palustre
palustris
longleaf pine  Pinus palustris
pin oak  Quercus palustris
northern wild rice  Zizania palustris
paniculata
baby's breath  Gypsophila paniculata
paper
◼︎ American white birch or 📄︎ paper birch  Betula papyrifera
papyrifera
◼︎ American white birch or 📄︎ paper birch  Betula papyrifera
parrot
♒︎ parrot feather water-milfoil  Myriophyllum aquaticum
parsnip
X✋︎ ☠︎ cow parsnip ☠︎ ✋︎X  Heracleum maximum
wild parsnip  Pastinaca sativa
parthenocissus
Virginia creeper or woodbine  Parthenocissus quinquefolia
pastinaca
wild parsnip  Pastinaca sativa
pawpaw
pawpaw  Asimina triloba
pea
🥜︎ legume / bean / pea branches  family Fabaceae
peach-leaved
peach-leaved willow  Salix amygdaloides
pear
🍐︎ common pear  Pyrus communis
pecan
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut branches  family Juglandaceae
butternut/​hickory/​pecan/​walnut leaves  family Juglandaceae
hickory or pecan leaves  genus Carya
pecan  Carya illinoinensis
pedunculate
🇬🇧 English oak  Quercus robur
peltata
◼︎ yellow floating heart  Nymphoides peltata
peltatum
mayapple  Podophyllum peltatum
pendula
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European white birch  Betula pendula
pennsylvanica
◼︎ red ash  Fraxinus pennsylvanica
pensylvanica
🍒︎ pin cherry  Prunus pensylvanica
pensylvanicum
⫼ 🍁︎ striped maple  Acer pensylvanicum
perennial
intermediate perennial wheatgrass  Thinopyrum intermedium
perfoliata
mile-a-minute weed  Persicaria perfoliata
perfoliatum
mile-a-minute weed  Persicaria perfoliata
persian
mimosa silk tree  Albizia julibrissin
persicaria
mile-a-minute weed  Persicaria perfoliata
persimmon
American persimmon  Diospyros virginiana
petals
⚘ ❀ flowers
petiolata
garlic mustard  Alliaria petiolata
petioles
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth, with short petioles
phaenopyrum
Washington hawthorn  Crataegus phaenopyrum
phalaris
reed canarygrass  Phalaris arundinacea
phellos
willow oak  Quercus phellos
phlox
phlox  genus Phlox
phragmites
Eurasian phragmites  Phragmites australis
physocarpus
ninebark (common, Eastern, or Atlantic)  Physocarpus opulifolius
phytolacca
American pokeweed  Phytolacca americana
picea
spruce  genus Picea
🇳🇴 Norway spruce  Picea abies
◼︎ white spruce  Picea glauca
◼︎ black spruce  Picea mariana
◼︎ Colorado blue spruce  Picea pungens
◼︎ red spruce  Picea rubens
Sitka spruce  Picea sitchensis
pignut
pignut hickory  Carya glabra
pilocereus
senita cactus  Pachycereus schottii
pin
🍒︎ pin cherry  Prunus pensylvanica
northern pin oak  Quercus ellipsoidalis
pin oak  Quercus palustris
pinales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles or overlapping scales — conifers  order Pinales
pine
🇦🇺 Australian pine or beach she-oak  Casuarina equisetifolia
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in bundles of 2–5 — pines  genus Pinus
◼︎ whitebark pine  Pinus albicaulis
jack pine  Pinus banksiana
lodgepole pine  Pinus contorta
shortleaf pine  Pinus echinata
limber pine or 🗻◼︎ Rocky Mountain white pine  Pinus flexilis
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European black pine  Pinus nigra
longleaf pine  Pinus palustris
ponderosa pine  Pinus ponderosa
◼︎ red pine  Pinus resinosa
pitch pine  Pinus rigida
◼︎ eastern white pine  Pinus strobus
Scots pine  Pinus sylvestris
loblolly pine  Pinus taeda
scrub pine  Pinus virginiana
pink
⚘ ❀ flowers
pinus
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in bundles of 2–5 — pines  genus Pinus
◼︎ whitebark pine  Pinus albicaulis
jack pine  Pinus banksiana
lodgepole pine  Pinus contorta
shortleaf pine  Pinus echinata
limber pine or 🗻◼︎ Rocky Mountain white pine  Pinus flexilis
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European black pine  Pinus nigra
longleaf pine  Pinus palustris
ponderosa pine  Pinus ponderosa
◼︎ red pine  Pinus resinosa
pitch pine  Pinus rigida
◼︎ eastern white pine  Pinus strobus
Scots pine  Pinus sylvestris
loblolly pine  Pinus taeda
scrub pine  Pinus virginiana
pipe
organpipe cactus  Stenocereus thurberi
pistia
♒︎ water lettuce  Pistia stratiotes
pitaya
organpipe cactus  Stenocereus thurberi
pitch
pitch pine  Pinus rigida
plan
Business Plan
planipennis
emerald ash borer (EAB)  Agrilus planipennis
plant
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles or overlapping scales — conifers  order Pinales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in tufts of 6+, 🍃︎ deciduous — larches  genus Larix
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in bundles of 2–5 — pines  genus Pinus
♒︎ aquatic plants
plant leaf, tree, native gardening, and taxonomy (biological naming) terminology
terrestrial ☙ herbaceous plants
terrestrial woody plants (trees, shrubs and woody ☙ vines)
terrestrial woody plants that had 🌲︎ needles (conifers), 🍃︎ now gone (deciduous, dormant season)
terrestrial woody plants that had 🌳︎ broadleaves, 🍃︎ now gone (deciduous, dormant season)
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged singly
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╫ opposite
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╫ opposite, 🌿︎ compound
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╫ opposite, 🍁︎🍂︎ simple
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate (spiral)
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🌿︎ compound ▲▲ toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🌿︎ compound
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∧ pointed tips
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∩ rounded tips
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎🍂︎ simple
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎🍂︎ simple, with ⍋ thorns or thorn-like twigs
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth, bristle like a needle in each leaf tip
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed but ▲▲ toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed but ▲▴▲▴ doubly-toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth, with short petioles
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍁︎ 📅︎ broadleaves a month or more after most other deciduous plants 🍃︎ lost their leaves, dormant season
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╫ opposite branching
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate (spiral) branching
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, large terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds not larger
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds w/2 scales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, w/terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, ___ smooth | sharp thorns
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, no thorns
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, thorn-like twigs
platanoides
🇳🇴 🍁︎ Norway maple  Acer platanoides
platanus
sycamore maple  Acer pseudoplatanus
American sycamore  Platanus occidentalis
plexippus
monarch butterfly  Danaus plexippus
plicata
◼︎ western redcedar  Thuja plicata
plum
American plum  Prunus americana
podophyllum
mayapple  Podophyllum peltatum
pods
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, large terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds not larger
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds w/2 scales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, w/terminal buds
pointed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∧ pointed tips
poison
poison hemlock  Conium maculatum
X✋︎ Pacific poison oak ✋︎X  Toxicodendron diversilobum
X✋︎ Atlantic poison oak ✋︎X  Toxicodendron pubescens
X✋︎ eastern poison ivy ✋︎X  Toxicodendron radicans
X✋︎ western poison ivy ✋︎X  Toxicodendron rydbergii
X✋︎ poison sumac ✋︎X  Toxicodendron vernix
pokeweed
American pokeweed  Phytolacca americana
polygonum
mile-a-minute weed  Persicaria perfoliata
polysperma
🇮🇳 ♒︎ Indian swampweed  Hygrophila polysperma
polystachya
🇨🇳 Chinese yam  Dioscorea polystachya
pomifera
🍊︎ Osage orange  Maclura pomifera
pond
♒︎ pond water-starwort  Callitriche stagnalis
♒︎ curly-leaf pondweed  Potamogeton crispus
ponderosa
ponderosa pine  Pinus ponderosa
pondweed
♒︎ curly-leaf pondweed  Potamogeton crispus
poplar
🌷︎ American tulip tree  Liriodendron tulipifera
aspen/​cottonwood/​poplar branches  genus Populus
aspen/​cottonwood/​poplar leaves  genus Populus
◼︎ white poplar  Populus alba
eastern balsam poplar  Populus balsamifera
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European black poplar  Populus nigra
quaking aspen  Populus tremuloides
popple
quaking aspen  Populus tremuloides
poppy
greater celandine poppy  Chelidonium majus
celandine poppy  Stylophorum diphyllum
populifolia
◼︎ gray birch  Betula populifolia
populus
aspen/​cottonwood/​poplar branches  genus Populus
aspen/​cottonwood/​poplar leaves  genus Populus
◼︎ white poplar  Populus alba
eastern balsam poplar  Populus balsamifera
eastern cottonwood  Populus deltoides
bigtooth aspen  Populus grandidentata
♒︎ swamp cottonwood  Populus heterophylla
balm of Gilead  Populus jackii
🇪🇺 ◼︎ European black poplar  Populus nigra
quaking aspen  Populus tremuloides
◼︎ black cottonwood  Populus trichocarpa
port
Port Orford cedar  Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
post
post oak  Quercus stellata
potamogeton
♒︎ curly-leaf pondweed  Potamogeton crispus
potato
◼︎🍒︎ black cherry  Prunus serotina
wapato  Sagittaria latifolia
prairie
queen of the prairie  Filipendula rubra
prairie smoke  Geum triflorum
prairie crabapple  Malus ioensis
prickly
prickly ash  Zanthoxylum americanum
prinus
rock chestnut oak  Quercus montana
privet
🇪🇺 European privet  Ligustrum vulgare
protected
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by three or more scales
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by two scales that touch without overlapping
pruche
eastern hemlock  Tsuga canadensis
prunus
American plum  Prunus americana
🍒︎ pin cherry  Prunus pensylvanica
◼︎🍒︎ black cherry  Prunus serotina
🍒︎ chokecherry  Prunus virginiana
pseudacorus
◼︎ yellow iris  Iris pseudacorus
pseudo
sycamore maple  Acer pseudoplatanus
Douglas fir  Pseudotsuga menziesii
◼︎ black locust  Robinia pseudoacacia
pseudoacacia
◼︎ black locust  Robinia pseudoacacia
pseudoplatanus
sycamore maple  Acer pseudoplatanus
pseudotsuga
Douglas fir  Pseudotsuga menziesii
ptelea
hoptree  Ptelea trifoliata
pubescens
X✋︎ Atlantic poison oak ✋︎X  Toxicodendron pubescens
pueraria
kudzu  Pueraria montana
puffypaint
American hackberry  Celtis occidentalis
pulpit
Jack in the pulpit  Arisaema triphyllum
pumila
Allegheny chinquapin  Castanea pumila
🍎︎ common apple  Malus pumila
Siberian elm  Ulmus pumila
punctata
dotted hawthorn  Crataegus punctata
spotted beebalm or spotted horsemint  Monarda punctata
pungens
◼︎ Colorado blue spruce  Picea pungens
purple
◼︎ ◼︎ 🇪🇺 copper or purple European beech  Fagus sylvatica purpurea
prairie smoke  Geum triflorum
◼︎ purple loosestrife  Lythrum salicaria
purpurea
◼︎ ◼︎ 🇪🇺 copper or purple European beech  Fagus sylvatica purpurea
pye
Joe Pye weed  genus Eutrochium
pyrus
🍐︎ common pear  Pyrus communis

R

racemosa
◼︎ gray dogwood  Cornus racemosa
◼︎ red elderberry  Sambucus racemosa
radial
⚘ ❀ flowers
radicans
X✋︎ eastern poison ivy ✋︎X  Toxicodendron radicans
raspberry
◼︎ American red raspberry  Rubus strigosus
red
cypress / juniper / redwood  family Cupressaceae
◼︎ 🍁︎ red maple  Acer rubrum
◼︎ red alder  Alnus rubra
eastern redbud  Cercis canadensis
◼︎ red osier or red-twig dogwood  Cornus sericea
◼︎ red ash  Fraxinus pennsylvanica
◼︎ eastern red cedar  Juniperus virginiana
tamarack  Larix laricina
◼︎ red mulberry  Morus rubra
◼︎ red spruce  Picea rubens
◼︎ red pine  Pinus resinosa
🍒︎ pin cherry  Prunus pensylvanica
◼︎ southern red oak  Quercus falcata
◼︎ northern red oak  Quercus rubra
◼︎ American red raspberry  Rubus strigosus
◼︎ red elderberry  Sambucus racemosa
coast redwood or California redwood  Sequoia sempervirens
giant sequoia  Sequoiadendron giganteum
bald cypress  Taxodium distichum
◼︎ western redcedar  Thuja plicata
slippery elm or ◼︎ red elm  Ulmus rubra
⚘ ❀ flowers
redbud
eastern redbud  Cercis canadensis
redcedar
◼︎ western redcedar  Thuja plicata
redwood
cypress / juniper / redwood  family Cupressaceae
coast redwood or California redwood  Sequoia sempervirens
giant sequoia  Sequoiadendron giganteum
reed
giant reed  Arundo donax
reed mannagrass  Glyceria maxima
reed canarygrass  Phalaris arundinacea
report
reporting and managing  invasive species
resinosa
◼︎ red pine  Pinus resinosa
rhamnus
alderleaf buckthorn  Rhamnus alnifolia
common buckthorn  Rhamnus cathartica
rhododendron
bog Labrador tea  Rhododendron groenlandicum
rhodotypos
◼︎ black jetbead  Rhodotypos scandens
rhombifolia
◼︎ white alder  Alnus rhombifolia
rhus
fragrant sumac  Rhus aromatica
staghorn sumac  Rhus typhina
rice
wild rice  Zizania aquatica
northern wild rice  Zizania palustris
rigida
pitch pine  Pinus rigida
river
♒︎ river birch  Betula nigra
wild rice  Zizania aquatica
northern wild rice  Zizania palustris
robinia
◼︎ black locust  Robinia pseudoacacia
robur
🇬🇧 English oak  Quercus robur
rock
rock chestnut oak  Quercus montana
rock or cork elm  Ulmus thomasii
rocket
dame's rocket  Hesperis matronalis
rocky
limber pine or 🗻◼︎ Rocky Mountain white pine  Pinus flexilis
rosa
multiflora rose  Rosa multiflora
rose
◼︎ ♒︎ rose or swamp milkweed  Asclepias incarnata
multiflora rose  Rosa multiflora
rossicum
◼︎ pale swallow-wort  Cynanchum rossicum
round
⚘ ❀ flowers
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∩ rounded tips
rowan
🇪🇺 🗻 European mountain ash  Sorbus aucuparia
rubens
◼︎ red spruce  Picea rubens
rubra
◼︎ red alder  Alnus rubra
queen of the prairie  Filipendula rubra
◼︎ red mulberry  Morus rubra
◼︎ northern red oak  Quercus rubra
slippery elm or ◼︎ red elm  Ulmus rubra
rubrum
◼︎ 🍁︎ red maple  Acer rubrum
rubus
◼︎🐟︎ salmonberry  Rubus spectabilis
◼︎ American red raspberry  Rubus strigosus
rugosa
speckled alder  Alnus incana
rum
◼︎🍒︎ black cherry  Prunus serotina
rush
flowering rush  Butomus umbellatus
russian
🇷🇺 Russian olive  Elaeagnus angustifolia
rydbergii
X✋︎ western poison ivy ✋︎X  Toxicodendron rydbergii

T

tacamahac
eastern balsam poplar  Populus balsamifera
taeda
loblolly pine  Pinus taeda
tail
narrowleaf cattail  Typha angustifolia
tamarack
tamarack  Larix laricina
tatarian
Tatarian honeysuckle  Lonicera tatarica
tatarica
Tatarian honeysuckle  Lonicera tatarica
taxodium
bald cypress  Taxodium distichum
taxonomy
plant leaf, tree, native gardening, and taxonomy (biological naming) terminology
taxus
🇪🇺 European yew  Taxus baccata
tea
bog Labrador tea  Rhododendron groenlandicum
teeth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth, with short petioles
tepals
⚘ ❀ flowers
terminal
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, large terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds not larger
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds w/2 scales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, w/terminal buds
terminates
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth, with short petioles
terminology
plant leaf, tree, native gardening, and taxonomy (biological naming) terminology
thicket
thicket hawthorn  Crataegus intricata
thinopyrum
intermediate perennial wheatgrass  Thinopyrum intermedium
thistle
spotted knapweed  Centaurea stoebe
creeping thistle, Canada thistle, or field thistle  Cirsium arvense
♒︎ swamp thistle  Cirsium muticum
🇪🇺 ♒︎ European swamp thistle  Cirsium palustre
spear thistle  Cirsium vulgare
thomasii
rock or cork elm  Ulmus thomasii
thorn
hawthorn branches  genus Crataegus
cockspur hawthorn  Crataegus crus-galli
◼︎ black hawthorn  Crataegus douglasii
thicket hawthorn  Crataegus intricata
downy hawthorn  Crataegus mollis
Washington hawthorn  Crataegus phaenopyrum
dotted hawthorn  Crataegus punctata
glossy buckthorn  Frangula alnus
honey locust  Gleditsia triacanthos
alderleaf buckthorn  Rhamnus alnifolia
common buckthorn  Rhamnus cathartica
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎🍂︎ simple, with ⍋ thorns or thorn-like twigs
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, large terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds not larger
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, terminal buds w/2 scales
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins thorns pods, w/terminal buds
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, ___ smooth | sharp thorns
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, no thorns
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, thorn-like twigs
thuja
◼︎ northern white cedar  Thuja occidentalis
◼︎ western redcedar  Thuja plicata
thunbergii
Japanese barberry  Berberis thunbergii
thurberi
organpipe cactus  Stenocereus thurberi
thyoides
◼︎ Atlantic white cedar  Chamaecyparis thyoides
tidewater
bald cypress  Taxodium distichum
tilia
American basswood or American linden  Tilia americana
◼︎ white basswood  Tilia heterophylla
tinctoria
◼︎ Kentucky yellowwood  Cladrastis kentukea
tip
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∧ pointed tips
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎ simple ♧ lobed with ∩ rounded tips
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed ___ smooth, bristle like a needle in each leaf tip
toh
tree of heaven (ToH)  Ailanthus altissima
tomentosa
mockernut hickory  Carya tomentosa
tooth
◼︎ yellow trout lily or ◼︎ ◼︎ yellow dogtooth violet  Erythronium americanum
bigtooth aspen  Populus grandidentata
toothed
bigtooth aspen  Populus grandidentata
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🌿︎ compound ▲▲ toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed but ▲▲ toothed
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth, with short petioles
torrey
⚶ Torrey yucca  Yucca faxoniana
touch
maple branches, with lateral buds protected by two scales that touch without overlapping
toxicodendron
X✋︎ Pacific poison oak ✋︎X  Toxicodendron diversilobum
X✋︎ Atlantic poison oak ✋︎X  Toxicodendron pubescens
X✋︎ eastern poison ivy ✋︎X  Toxicodendron radicans
X✋︎ western poison ivy ✋︎X  Toxicodendron rydbergii
X✋︎ poison sumac ✋︎X  Toxicodendron vernix
trapa
♒︎ water-chestnut  Trapa natans
tree
tree of heaven (ToH)  Ailanthus altissima
mimosa silk tree  Albizia julibrissin
◼︎ white fringe tree  Chionanthus virginicus
🌷︎ American tulip tree  Liriodendron tulipifera
Joshua tree  Yucca brevifolia
plant leaf, tree, native gardening, and taxonomy (biological naming) terminology
terrestrial woody plants (trees, shrubs and woody ☙ vines)
trembling
quaking aspen  Populus tremuloides
tremuloides
quaking aspen  Populus tremuloides
triacanthos
honey locust  Gleditsia triacanthos
trichocarpa
◼︎ black cottonwood  Populus trichocarpa
triflorum
prairie smoke  Geum triflorum
trifoliata
hoptree  Ptelea trifoliata
trillium
trillium  genus Trillium
◼︎ white trillium  Trillium grandiflorum
◼︎ yellow trillium  Trillium luteum
triloba
pawpaw  Asimina triloba
trilobum
American highbush-cranberry  Viburnum trilobum
tripetala
☔︎ umbrella magnolia  Magnolia tripetala
triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit  Arisaema triphyllum
trout
◼︎ yellow trout lily or ◼︎ ◼︎ yellow dogtooth violet  Erythronium americanum
trunk
bark (on the trunk)
tsuga
Douglas fir  Pseudotsuga menziesii
hemlock  genus Tsuga
eastern hemlock  Tsuga canadensis
western hemlock  Tsuga heterophylla
tsugae
hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA)  Adelges tsugae
tuberosa
butterfly milkweed  Asclepias tuberosa
tufts
terrestrial woody plants with 🌲︎ needles (conifers), arranged in tufts of 6+, 🍃︎ deciduous — larches  genus Larix
tulip
🌷︎ American tulip tree  Liriodendron tulipifera
tulipifera
🌷︎ American tulip tree  Liriodendron tulipifera
tupelo
◼︎ black tupelo or black gum  Nyssa sylvatica
twig
◼︎ red osier or red-twig dogwood  Cornus sericea
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍁︎🍂︎ simple, with ⍋ thorns or thorn-like twigs
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎🍃︎ broadleaf branches, ╟ alternate, list of attributes, no catkins, thorn-like twigs
typha
narrowleaf cattail  Typha angustifolia
typhina
staghorn sumac  Rhus typhina

V

vaccinium
◼︎🫐 early lowbush blueberry  Vaccinium angustifolium
◼︎🫐 northern highbush blueberry  Vaccinium corymbosum
lingonberry  Vaccinium vitis-idaea
vein
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth
terrestrial woody plants with 🌳︎ broadleaves, ╟ alternate, 🍂︎ simple non-lobed, ▲▲ toothed, each lateral vein terminates in multiple teeth, with short petioles
velutina
◼︎ eastern black oak  Quercus velutina
verna
lesser celandine  Ficaria verna
vernix
X✋︎ poison sumac ✋︎X  Toxicodendron vernix
verticillata
whorled milkweed  Asclepias verticillata
hydrilla  Hydrilla verticillata
common ❄ winter­berry/​Michigan holly/◼︎ black alder  Ilex verticillata
viburnum
viburnum  genus Viburnum
➳ southern arrowwood viburnum  Viburnum dentatum
American highbush-cranberry  Viburnum trilobum
vimineum
Japanese stilt grass  Microstegium vimineum
vincetoxicum
◼︎ white swallow-wort  Vincetoxicum hirundinaria
vine
☙ 🍁︎ vine maple  Acer circinatum
chocolate vine  Akebia quinata
terrestrial woody plants (trees, shrubs and woody ☙ vines)
violet
◼︎ yellow trout lily or ◼︎ ◼︎ yellow dogtooth violet  Erythronium americanum
⚘ ❀ flowers
virgata
leafy spurge  Euphorbia esula
virginia
Virginia springbeauty  Claytonia virginica
Virginia creeper or woodbine  Parthenocissus quinquefolia
🍒︎ chokecherry  Prunus virginiana
virginiana
American persimmon  Diospyros virginiana
American witch-hazel  Hamamelis virginiana
◼︎ eastern red cedar  Juniperus virginiana
sweetbay magnolia  Magnolia virginiana
American hophornbeam or ⚒ ironwood  Ostrya virginiana
scrub pine  Pinus virginiana
🍒︎ chokecherry  Prunus virginiana
southern live oak  Quercus virginiana
virginica
Virginia springbeauty  Claytonia virginica
virginicus
◼︎ white fringe tree  Chionanthus virginicus
viridis
◼︎ green alder  Alnus viridis
vitae
◼︎ northern white cedar  Thuja occidentalis
◼︎ western redcedar  Thuja plicata
vitis-idaea
lingonberry  Vaccinium vitis-idaea
vulgare
spear thistle  Cirsium vulgare
🇪🇺 European privet  Ligustrum vulgare
vulgaris
wormwood, or common mugwort  Artemisia vulgaris
◼︎ garden yellow loosestrife  Lysimachia vulgaris

X

xanthocyparis
◼︎ Alaska yellow cedar or Nootka cypress  Callitropsis nootkatensis
xbella
Bell's honeysuckle  Lonicera xbella

Z

zanthoxylum
prickly ash  Zanthoxylum americanum
zizania
wild rice  Zizania aquatica
northern wild rice  Zizania palustris