Also called ◼︎ black birch (although do not confuse with cherry birch  Betula lenta which is also called that), and ♒︎ water birch.

Part of birch  genus Betula in alder / birch / hazel / hornbeam  family Betulaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to central, eastern and southeastern 🇺🇸 USA.   🌎︎ Map (.pdf).

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Despite its nickname, the aircraft Spruce Goose was built primarily of birch wood, with small amounts of maple, poplar, balsa, and, yes, spruce.

Betula hosts caterpillars of 413 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  Planting info (SW Michigan) (.pdf).

Learn more about ♒︎ river birch Betula nigra

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