Also called ◼︎ yellow spruce, West Virginia spruce, eastern spruce and he-balsam.  🎸︎ Guitar makers often call the 🪵 wood Adirondack spruce.

Part of spruce  genus Picea in 🌲︎ cedar / fir / hemlock / larch / pine / spruce  family Pinaceae in 🌲︎ conifer  order Pinales.


Native to 🇨🇦 Canada south and Maritimes, and 🇺🇸 USA New England and 🗻 Appalachia.

🗺 Map (scroll down), 🗺 map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file 🗺 today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

🌲︎ Provincial tree of Canada's Nova Scotia.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Picea hosts caterpillars of 158 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

Learn more about ◼︎ red spruce Picea rubens

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Gymnosperm database Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia