Also called champion oak.  One of the ◼︎ red oaks.

Part of oak  genus Quercus in beech / oak  family Fagaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada and 🇺🇸 USA, east of the 🗻︎ Rocky Mountains.   🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file   🌳︎ Provincial tree of Prince Edward Island PEI.  🌳︎ State tree of New Jersey.

In this area:

  • do not move firewood (ever), and
  • do not prune February through June (Texas) or April 15 through July 15 (🇺🇸 USA Midwest and East),
due to possible infestation by oak wilt disease (OWD)  Bretziella fagacearum.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Its wood is used to make furniture and barrels (usually for dry goods—◼︎ red oak has open pores, while ◼︎ white oak has occluded pores).

On a list as having leaves and acorns ☠︎ toxic[?] to humans, although many cultures process acorns to remove their toxicity, making acorns an important staple food.

Quercus hosts caterpillars of 534 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.

Grows large, and is a great shade tree.   Planting info (SW Michigan).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Learn more about ◼︎ northern red oak Quercus rubra

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