In the southern 🇺🇸 USA, also called ◼︎ yellow pine.  Although do not confuse with sister-species sometimes also called that:

Part of 🌲︎ pine  genus Pinus in 🌲︎ cedar / fir / hemlock / larch / pine / spruce  family Pinaceae.


Native to 🇺🇸 USA Southeast.

▭ 🌎︎ Map (scroll down), ▭ 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file ▭ 🌎︎ today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

🌲︎ State tree of Alabama.

In this area (particularly 🇨🇦 Canada AB BC SK, and 🇺🇸 USA AZ CA CO ID MO MT NV NM OR SD UT WA WI WY):

  • do not move pine logs, stumps, branches, firewood nor untreated lumber
due to possible infestation by the insect mountain pine beetle (MPB)  Dendroctonus ponderosae, which carries various species of 🍄︎ fungus / mushroom  kingdom Fungi.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Pinus hosts caterpillars of 247 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.


As a 🌱︎ seedling, this pine has a 🌾︎ grass stage, where its needles all emerge from a common center near the ground, causing it to look like a bunchgrass, while also developing a long taproot.  This stage might last one to seven years, or even 20.  Only the plant detects a large increase in available light (such as may be caused by a storm event or 🔥︎ low-intensity fire that opened up the forest canopy), our seedling starts to grow tall or bolt.  Sharing this strategy include several species of pine, mostly tropical. [1]   The only species likely to be covered in ICSN soon is slash pine  Pinus elliottii.

Longleaf pine's growth is improved by 🔥︎ low-intensity wildfire, and made worse by 🐖︎ feral pigs.

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Learn more about longleaf pine Pinus palustris

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Gymnosperm database Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS (southern pine)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Wikipedia