Called fig buttercup in North America.  Formerly called Ranunculus ficaria.

Part of buttercup  family Ranunculaceae.   In North America, do not confuse with very-similar-named greater celandine poppy  Chelidonium majus and without-adjective celandine poppy  Stylophorum diphyllum.   Although members of two separate families, all three species are part of barberry/​buttercup/​poppy  order Ranunculales.

Native to 🇪🇺 Europe and western Asia.   🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (colors).   Invasive > 🌐︎ global Invasive > 🇨🇦 Canada, 🇺🇸 USA Invasive > report it! Invasive > 🇺🇸 USA Invasive > USFS  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Invasive > Michigan

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  On No-Plant List by Seneca Nation of Indians.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 64)

In the 🇺🇸 USA, the USDA suggests those seeking early color replace this plant with native alternatives Virginia springbeauty  Claytonia virginica, ◼︎ yellow ragwort  Senecio aureus, or other spring ephemerals. [1]   Control and Alternatives (Maryland).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 8)

Learn more about lesser celandine/​fig buttercup Ficaria verna

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