In North America, called fig buttercup.  Formerly called Ranunculus ficaria.

Part of buttercup  family Ranunculaceae.

In 🇨🇦 🇺🇸 🇲🇽 North America, do not confuse with very-similar-named greater celandine poppy  Chelidonium majus and without-adjective celandine poppy  Stylophorum diphyllum.   Although members of two separate families, all three species are part of barberry/​buttercup/​poppy  order Ranunculales.

Native to 🇪🇺 Europe and western Asia.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key).   Invasive > learn+quiz Invasive > 🌐︎ global Invasive > 🇨🇦 🇺🇸 Canada+USA Invasive > report it! Invasive > 🇺🇸 USA Invasive > Michigan

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  On No-Planting List by Seneca Nation of Indians SNI.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 64)

🇺🇸 In the USA, the USDA suggests those seeking early color replace this plant with native alternatives Virginia springbeauty  Claytonia virginica, ◼︎ yellow ragwort  Senecio aureus, or other 🌱︎⚘ spring ephemerals. [1]   Control and Alternatives (Maryland).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 8)

Learn more about lesser celandine Ficaria verna

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Missouri Botanical Garden USDA PLANTS db Wikipedia