where …

leaves=hairy white silky
◼︎ white willow  Salix alba

leaves and twigs droop
😭︎ weeping willow  Salix babylonica

leaves= rounded
◼︎ black willow  Salix nigra

uppersurface=pale green, undersurface=​paler
◼︎ peach-leaved willow  Salix amygdaloides

🚧 In the future, we will add here identi­fi­ca­tion paths for specific species of willow, probably starting with:

shrub[?] (½—3½ m tall) (2—12 ft tall)
prairie willow  Salix humilis


Please let us know which other species you would like to see here, using the button at the bottom of this page.

Learn more about willow genus Salix (Salix spp.)

A group of about 400 species of deciduous trees and shrubs.

Part of willow  family Salicaceae.

Native to cold and temperate regions of the 🌐︎ Northern Hemisphere, usually in areas with moist soils.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key), 🗺 map of 3 species, not covered above.   🗺 Map of moist soils (🇺🇸 USA-48) (bottom left > select).

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  In areas where these plants are native, these plants are among the wet-loving (but terrestrial ) shrubs and trees planted to protect eroding streambanks, lakeshores, floodplains, stormwater detention ponds, road slopes and landslides, using a process called live-staking.

Salix hosts caterpillars of 455 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Wikipedia