Also called grey pine and scrub pine (although do not confuse with scrub pine Pinus virginiana ).

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada, and northernmost 🇺🇸 USA.

Jack pine requires fire to germinate, to melt the sap in their very-tough seratonous (resin-filled) cones, releasing the seeds.  Thus, jack pine forests are often composed of trees all the same age, all germinated together after a fire moved through (and perhaps killed their parents).  Jack pine often grows with aspen —after a fire, both grow fast and eventually would get shaded out by spruce and fir, until again invigorated by the next cycle of fire.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Learn more about jack pine Pinus banksiana

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