Also called grey pine and scrub pine (although do not confuse with sister species scrub pine  Pinus virginiana ).

Part of 🌲︎ pine  genus Pinus in 🌲︎ cedar / fir / hemlock / larch / pine / spruce  family Pinaceae.

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada, and northernmost 🇺🇸 USA.

🌎︎ Map (scroll down) 🌎︎ map.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Pinus hosts caterpillars of 247 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.

Jack pine requires 🔥︎ fire to 🌱︎ germinate, to melt the sap in their very-tough seratonous (resin-filled) cones, releasing the seeds.  Thus, jack pine forests are often composed of trees all the same age, all 🌱︎🌱︎🌱︎ germinated together after a fire moved through (and perhaps killed their parents).  Jack pine often grows with aspen/cottonwood/poplar  genus Populus —after a fire, both grow fast and eventually would get shaded out by spruce  genus Picea and fir  genus Abies, until again invigorated by the next cycle of fire.

And these young fire-invigorated jack pine are essential for nesting of the endangered 🐦︎ Kirtland's warbler  Setophaga kirtlandii. [1]


[1]  Rubin, Neal.  "Endangered no more, could Kirtland's warbler replace robin as state bird?"  The Detroit News.  .   Accessed .

Learn more about jack pine Pinus banksiana

Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Google Google images Gymnosperm database Michigan Flora Minnesota Wildflowers Missouri Botanical Garden USDA PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia