in …

western North America
western hemlock  Tsuga heterophylla

eastern North America
eastern hemlock  Tsuga canadensis

Learn more about hemlock genus Tsuga (Tsuga spp.)

Despite its common name, not related to biennial herbaceous plant
poison hemlock  Conium maculatum,
although someone named these trees hemlock who thought their crushed foliage 👃︎ smelled similar.  Instead, …

Hemlock is a woody 🌲︎ coniferous tree, part of 🌲︎ cedar / fir / hemlock / larch / pine / spruce  family Pinaceae in 🌲︎ conifer  order Pinales.   And not ☠︎ poisonous in any way.

Different species of hemlock are native to 🇨🇦 🇺🇸 North America and eastern Asia.  🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key).

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Tsuga hosts caterpillars of 110 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

From a distance, American beech  Fagus grandifolia trees sometimes look like hemlock.  Even though one is has tiny conifer needles, and the other has large broadleaves.  Must be something about the trees' overall shape, and the  horizontal way they carry their branches.

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Gymnosperm database Michigan Flora Minnesota Wildflowers Flora of North America USDA PLANTS db Wikipedia