Also called northern swamp dogwood and red-panicle dogwood.

Part of dogwood  genus Cornus in family Cornaceae.

Native to southern 🇨🇦 Canada, and western and northern 🇺🇸 USA.   ▭ 🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), ▭ 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

In areas where this plant is native, this plant is among the wet-loving (but terrestrial ) shrubs and trees used to protect eroding streambanks, lakeshores, bluffs, road slopes and landslides (as well as floodplains and stormwater detention ponds), in a process called live-staking.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Cornus hosts caterpillars of 121 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.

Learn more about ◼︎ gray dogwood Cornus racemosa

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Minnesota Wildflowers Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia