Also called garlic root, hedge garlic, penny hedge, Jack-by-the-hedge, Jack-in-the-bush, sauce-alone and poor man's mustard.

Part of cabbage/mustard  family Brassicaceae.

Native to 🇪🇺 Europe, northern Africa, and western and central Asia.   Invasive > learn+quiz Invasive > Global Invasive > in USA+Canada Invasive > report it! Invasive > in USA Invasive > in USFS (.pdf) Invasive > in Michigan   inv. trading card (.pdf) inv. identification card (.pdf)

🚼︎ For kids!  This plant described in invasive species placemat (.pdf) series.

In areas where garlic mustard is invasive, garlic mustard inhibits the growth of a fungus required by most native plants, resulting in a garlic mustard desert.  GM does this by producing and releasing the allelopathic chemical benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC), which inhibits the growth of ectomycorrhizal fungi, required by the native plants' roots, via a symbiotic relationship.

Garlic mustard was brought to North America by 👥︎⛵︎ European settlers, who used it as a 🍲︎ "pot herb" or green in stews, early in the growing season, when it is the only green available.  Later, it escaped into the wild, and people forgot how to cook with it.  Recently, some are rediscovering how to do so.  This author has tasted a pesto made in the local 🏫︎ Middle School—very tasty.   Recipes story and recipe recipe book Pest to Pesto 2.

Photos of 2-year lifecycle of garlic mustard (.pdf).

Learn more about garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata

Best Control Practices BCP (Michigan) (.pdf) Best Control Practices BCP (Ontario) (.pdf) and its Technical Bulletin (.pdf) Fact sheet (Ontario) 🇫🇷 en français (.pdf) Garlic mustard may be Michigan's worst woodland weed Control (Maryland) (.pdf page 9) Biology and Biological Control (.pdf) Biological Control in Eastern USA (.pdf page 373)

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