Also called ◼︎ silver birch and warty birch.  In North America, do not confuse with similar-named sister-species ◼︎ American white birch or 📄︎ paper birch  Betula papyrifera.

Both are part of birch  genus Betula in alder / birch / hazel / hornbeam  family Betulaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to 🇪🇺 Europe and Asia.   Invasive > 🇺🇸 USA

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Learn more about 🇪🇺 ◼︎ European white birch Betula pendula

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Wikipedia