Also called Phragmites and common reed.  Sources differ as to whether there are other species within its genus, leading some sources to use just the genus name Phragmites, and others to call it a subspecies (variety) Phragmites australis subsp. australis.

Part of 🌾︎ grass  family Poaceae in 🌾︎ grass/​rush/​sedge  order Poales.

Due to the above, sources differ on whether Phragmites is native to Eurasia, or is 🌍︎🌎︎🌏︎ worldwide.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key).   Invasive > learn+quiz Invasive > 🌐︎ global Invasive > 🌐︎ various Invasive > 🇨🇦 🇺🇸 Canada+USA Invasive > report it! Invasive > 🇺🇸 USA Invasive > Michigan restricted in Michigan, incl. seeds, fragments and derivatives.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  On No-Planting List by Seneca Nation of Indians SNI.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 63)

Learn more about Eurasian phragmites Phragmites australis

Treatment methods and timing (40–45°N lat.)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Best Control Practices BCP (Michigan)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file treatment details (Michigan)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (pages 35, 36, 75, 79, 134 and 204) Best Control Practices BCP (Ontario)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file and its Technical Bulletin  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Best Control Practices BCP (Ontario) 🇫🇷 en français  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Site Prioritization Tool (Ontario)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Control and Alternatives (Maryland).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (pages 7 and 8)
Biological Control in Eastern USA  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 139)

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Flora of North America USDA PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia