Also called:

Part of juniper  genus Juniperus in cypress / juniper / redwood  family Cupressaceae in 🌲︎ conifer  order Pinales.

Native to 🇺🇸 USA East, Midwest, and Great Plains, and 🇨🇦 Canada in southern Ontario.

🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), 🗺 map (scroll down, in red), 🗺 map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file 🗺 today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

Invasive > Hawai'i

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Juniperus hosts caterpillars of 41 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  Lots of food for 🐦︎ birds.

Use as small tree is a small yard (Pennsylvania).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 54)   Planting info (SW Michigan).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Junipers are the winter host for 🍄︎⚕︎ fungal disease trellis rust (TR)  Gymnosporangium sabinae.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file   Which then transfers to nearby 🍐︎ pear  genus Pyrus as the ⚘ summer host.  Then back again!

So in areas that may have this disease, do not plant these two hosts within 300 m (1000 ft) of each other!

Male trees score most allergenic (10 out of 10) on the OPALS™ Ogren Plant Allergy Scale.  Female trees score least-allergenic (1 out of 10).

Poem to eastern red cedar from our local Conservation District forester.

Learn more about ◼︎ eastern red cedar Juniperus virginiana

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Gymnosperm database Michigan Flora Minnesota Wildflowers Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia