Despite its similar scientific botanical name, not a sister-species to giant sequoia  Sequoiadendron giganteum.

But it is a close cousin, with both trees being in the same sequoia  subfamily Sequoioideae in cypress  family Cupressaceae.

And both trees share being the 🌲︎ state tree of California.

Native to a thin strip along the Pacific Ocean, in the 🗻︎ coastal mountains of central and northern California, extending a bit into southwestern Oregon.

▭ 🌎︎ Map (scroll down), ▭ 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

This tree's range was much larger:  to Los Angeles during the Last Glacial Period, and across Europe and Asia before the Quaternary ice ages.

Said to get much of its water (and nitrogen!) by its local summer 🌫 fog—collecting fog on its small needles, and absorbing the water through its needles or bark, or dripping it toward its roots.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Its wood is used to make ukuleles and mandolins, and for other uses needing durability.

Learn more about coast redwood or California redwood Sequoia sempervirens

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Gymnosperm database Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia