Also spelled chinkapin oak.  One of the white oaks.

Part of oak  genus Quercus in beech / oak  family Fagaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to 🇺🇸 USA central, South and East, and into 🇨🇦 Canada and 🇲🇽 Mexico.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  On a list as having leaves and acorns ☠︎ toxic [?] to humans, although many cultures process acorns to remove their toxicity, making acorns an important staple food.

Quercus hosts caterpillars of 534 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.

Planting info (SW Michigan) (.pdf).

Learn more about chinquapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii

Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Google Google images Michigan Flora MSUE tip sheet Missouri Botanical Garden USDA PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia