with . . .

twigs=■ square w/corky wings;  bark=breaks into plates;  seed is ½ length of helicopter wide wing
blue ash Fraxinus quadrangulata

OR they are NOT, but with . . .
leaf scar shape= horseshoe;  bark=ridged with narrow--diamond-shapes
white ash Fraxinus americana

OR they are NOT ( leaf scar shape= semicircle or oval), but with . . .
twigs=rusty hairy;  buds=rusty hairy;  outer-bark inner-face=reddish
red ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica

OR they are NOT, but with . . .
buds=near-black;  bark=smooth can-be-rubbed-off
black ash Fraxinus nigra

OR they are NOT, but with . . .
buds=red-brown;  bark=ridged firm;  leaf scar shape=D◗
red ash variant green ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Learn more about ash genus Fraxinus (Fraxinus spp.)

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
Used as host by caterpillars of 136 species
of 🦋 butterflies and moths, in some areas.

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