Part of willow  genus Salix in willow  family Salicaceae.

Native to most of the 🇺🇸 USA, extending into 🇲🇽 Mexico and 🇨🇦 Canada.   ▭ 🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), ▭ 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file ▭ 🌎︎ today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Salix hosts caterpillars of 455 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
🌳︎🐝︎ Trees for Bees   This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.

In areas where this plant is native, this plant is among the wet-loving (but terrestrial ) shrubs and trees used to protect eroding streambanks, lakeshores, bluffs, road slopes and landslides (as well as floodplains and stormwater detention ponds), in a process called live-staking.

Propagation protocol for sister-species (Great Lakes).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Propagation protocol for sister-species (SW USA).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Bloom dates (NE Illinois).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file  (🔒︎ Wild Ones members only)

Learn more about ◼︎ black willow Salix nigra

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia