Native to 🇨🇦 Canada, Alaska, and northernmost continental 🇺🇸 USA;  an important part of the taiga (boreal forest).   Part of spruce  genus Picea in 🌲︎ cedar / fir / hemlock / larch / pine / spruce  family Pinaceae.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Picea hosts caterpillars of 158 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

Black spruce 🔥︎ burns very well.  It is the primary tree burned in the 2016 Fort McMurray Horse River wildfire. [1] [2]


[1]  "Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)".  US Forest Service.  2018.   Accessed 2018-01-12.

[2]  "A Review of the 2016 Horse River Wildfire".  Alberta Agriculture and Forestry.  2017.  (.pdf)   Accessed 2019-05-24.

Learn more about ◼︎ black spruce Picea mariana

Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Google Google images Gymnosperm database Michigan Flora Minnesota Wildflowers USDA PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia