Also called ◼︎ eastern black oak.  Its outer-bark is black, and inner-bark is yellow (other sources) or green (seen by this author when fresh-shaved).   One of the ◼︎ red oaks.

Part of oak  genus Quercus in beech / oak  family Fagaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to very-southern 🇨🇦 Canada, and much of the 🇺🇸 USA east of the 🗻︎ Rocky Mountains.   🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

In this area:

  • do not move firewood (ever), and
  • do not prune February through June (Texas) or April 15 through July 15 (🇺🇸 USA Midwest and East),
due to possible infestation by oak wilt disease (OWD)  Bretziella fagacearum.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Its wood is used to make furniture and barrels (usually for dry goods—◼︎ red oak has open pores, while ◼︎ white oak has occluded pores).

On a list as having leaves and acorns ☠︎ toxic[?] to humans, although many cultures process acorns to remove their toxicity, making acorns an important staple food.

Quercus hosts caterpillars of 534 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  This plant is also known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.

In landscaping, makes a great shade tree.

Learn more about ◼︎ black oak Quercus velutina

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