Also called eastern black oak.  One of the red oaks.  Its outer-bark is black, and inner-bark is yellow (other sources) or green (seen by this author when fresh-shaved).

Native to southern 🇨🇦 Canada, and eastern 🇺🇸 USA.

In this area:

due to possible infestation by oak wilt disease Ceratocystis fagacearum.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
Genus used as host by caterpillars of 452 species
of 🦋 butterflies and moths, in some areas.

Great shade tree.  Wood is used to make furniture and barrels.

Learn more about black oak Quercus velutina

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