Also called Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis.

Part of elderberry  genus Sambucus in moschatel  family Adoxaceae.

Despite its common name, botanically, its fruit is not a berry, but a "drupe".

Native to 🇨🇦 🇺🇸 Canada and USA east of the 🗻︎ Rocky Mountains, through 🇲🇽 México to Central America.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), 🗺 map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Most elderberry species produce edible 🍇︎ berries and juice (cooked, pulp and skin, no seeds nor stems).  😋︎ Yummy, even (this author recalls having eaten elderberry jam and wine — I did not then know to ask about which species).

But uncooked berries, and other plant parts (e.g., seeds, stems, and particularly roots and tender leaves), are ☠︎ toxic.   Make sure you learn the details!

🐝︎ Pollinators such as solitary cavity-nesting bees often make nests in this plant's old ⊚ pithy stems.

In areas where this plant is native, this plant is among the wet-loving (but terrestrial ) shrubs and trees planted to protect eroding streambanks, lakeshores, floodplains, stormwater detention ponds, road slopes and landslides, using a process called live-staking.

Learn more about ◼︎ American black elderberry / 🇨🇦 Canadian elderberry / common elderberry Sambucus canadensis

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