Part of fir  genus Abies in 🌲︎ cedar / fir / hemlock / larch / pine / spruce  family Pinaceae.

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada;  and 🇺🇸 USA Great Lakes, New England and 🗻︎ Appalachia.

▭ 🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), ▭ 🌎︎ map (scroll down), ▭ 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file ▭ 🌎︎ today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

🌲︎ Provincial tree of New Brunswick.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Abies hosts caterpillars of 55 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

Saplings can be killed, and growth and regeneration of this plant can be severely limited, by large populations of western moose  Alces alces andersoni, who will eat buds and branches in winter, when their preferred food (forbs, aquatics, and willow and birch shoots) is unavailable.  Unless moose populations are kept in check by predators. [1] [2]

Learn more about balsam fir Abies balsamea

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