Part of fir  genus Abies in 🌲︎ cedar / fir / hemlock / larch / pine / spruce  family Pinaceae.


Native to 🇨🇦 Canada;  and 🇺🇸 USA Great Lakes, New England and 🗻︎ Appalachia.

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🌲︎ Provincial tree of New Brunswick.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Abies hosts caterpillars of 55 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

Saplings can be killed, and growth and regeneration of this plant can be severely limited, by large populations of western moose  Alces alces andersoni, who will eat buds and branches in winter, when their preferred food (forbs, aquatics, and willow and birch shoots) is unavailable.  Unless moose populations are kept in check by predators. [1] [2]

Balsam fir is known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) balsam woolly adelgid  Adelges piceae, a small wingless invasive insect that infests and kills fir  genus Abies, especially balsam fir  Abies balsamea and Fraser fir  Abies fraseri.

Learn more about balsam fir Abies balsamea

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