Also called Japanese silverberry, autumn elaeagnus, umbellata oleaster and spreading oleaster.  We have seen some sources spell (misspell?) it Elaeagnus umbellate.

Very distantly related to (not in the same genus, family, order nor subclass as) the food olive 🇪🇺 European olive  Olea europaea.   Instead, …

Part of oleaster/silverberry  genus Elaeagnus in oleaster  family Elaeagnaceae in 🍎︎ apple / 🍇︎ berry / buckthorn / elm / hemp / 🌹︎ rose  order Rosales.

Native to 🌏︎ eastern Asia, from the 🗻︎ Himalayas to 🇯🇵 Japan.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key).   Invasive > learn+quiz Invasive > 🌐︎ global Invasive > 🌐︎ various Invasive > 🇨🇦 🇺🇸 Canada+USA Invasive > report it! Invasive > 🇺🇸 USA Invasive > Michigan restricted in Michigan, incl. seeds, fragments and derivatives.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file   Inv. trading card  Adobe Acrobat Reader file   Nice drawing.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 38)

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  On No-Planting List by Seneca Nation of Indians SNI.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (pages 58 and 61)


🇺🇸 In the USA, the USDA suggests those seeking a drought tolerant tree replace this plant with native alternatives 🍓︎ strawberry bush  Euonymus americanus, wax-myrtle  Myrica cerifera, meadowsweet  Spiraea latifolia or mapleleaf viburnum  Viburnum acerifolium. [1]

More native alternatives (Missouri Botanical Garden).

Because its roots fix atmospheric nitrogen, autumn olive can outcompete non-nitrogen-fixing trees in poorer soils.

Learn more about autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata

Treatment methods and timing (40–45°N lat.)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Best Control Practices BCP (Michigan)  Adobe Acrobat Reader file Control and Alternatives (Maryland).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file (page 3)   I have also heard of controlling this plant using ⚶🐐︎ prescribed browsing / goatscaping.

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Minnesota Wildflowers Missouri Botanical Garden Missouri Plants USDA PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia