Also called:

Part of alder / birch / hazel / hornbeam  family Betulaceae and bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to eastern 🇨🇦 Canada and 🇺🇸 USA.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  The wood is very 💪︎ strong and durable, valued for making wagon wheels.

Carpinus hosts caterpillars of 70 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

If you see one American hornbeam, you often see many others nearby—usually several dozen.   Planting info (SW Michigan) (.pdf).

Learn more about American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana

Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Google Google images Michigan Flora MSUE tip sheet Missouri Botanical Garden USDA PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia