Also called:

Part of hophornbeam  genus Ostrya in alder / birch / hazel / hornbeam  family Betulaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to southern 🇨🇦 Canada, 🇺🇸 USA central and East, much of 🇲🇽 México, and into Central America.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), 🗺 map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file 🗺 today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Its 🪵 wood is extremely hard and 💪︎ tough, valued for making ♐︎ longbows, 🪓 tool handles and fenceposts.

Ostrya hosts caterpillars of 86 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

In its native area, recommended as a specimen tree. Planting info (SW Michigan).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Learn more about American hophornbeam or 🛠 ironwood Ostrya virginiana

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora (Michigan) MSU Ext (Minnesota) Wildflower Garden Minnesota Wildflowers Missouri Botanical Garden Native Plant Trust Flora of North America USDA PLANTS db USFS USFS Silvics Wikipedia