Also called:

Part of hophornbeam  genus Ostrya in alder / birch / hazel / hornbeam  family Betulaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to southern 🇨🇦 Canada, central and eastern 🇺🇸 USA, much of 🇲🇽 Mexico, and into Central America.   ▭ 🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48), ▭ 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Its wood is extremely hard and 💪︎ tough, valued for making ♐︎ longbows, 🔨︎ tool handles and fenceposts.

Ostrya hosts caterpillars of 86 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

In its native area, recommended as a specimen tree. Planting info (SW Michigan).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Learn more about American hophornbeam or ⚒ ironwood Ostrya virginiana

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora MSUE tip sheet Minnesota Wildflowers Missouri Botanical Garden Flora of North America USDA PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia