Part of 🌰︎ chestnut / chinkapin  genus Castanea in beech / oak  family Fagaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to eastern 🇺🇸 USA and very-southern 🇨🇦 Canada.   🗺 Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (color key), 🗺 map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file 🗺 map (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

Formerly abundant and a major com­po­nent of the Eastern hardwood forest, this tree is almost extinct in the wild, having been killed by a bark fungal disease chestnut blight  Cryphonectria parasitica.

Although I see that my local Conservation District is selling bare-root trees of this species, but grown from in-state survivors of the blight, known to be resistant.  Worth a try, to resurrect this amazing piece of Americana!

Guess it worked — "The American chestnut makes a comeback."  The Suffolk Times.  2023-11-13.

The disease also impacts (not quite as hard) this tree's closely-related (even shares most of its home range) sister-species Allegheny chinquapin  Castanea pumila.

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)

Castanea hosts caterpillars of 129 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.

Learn more about 🌰︎ American chestnut Castanea dentata

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora (Minnesota) Wildflower Garden Missouri Botanical Garden Native Plant Trust Flora of North America USDA PLANTS db Wikipedia