Also called North American beech.

Part of beech  genus Fagus in beech / oak  family Fagaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada, 🇺🇸 USA and 🇲🇽 Mexico, east of the 🗻︎ Rocky Mountains.   🌎︎ Map by county (🇺🇸 USA-48) (colors), 🌎︎ map (North America, Central America).  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Found in climax forests, with birch and 🍁︎ maple.  Famous for 👥︎ people carving their initials in this "initial tree".  Leaves may be bronze-color in autumn.

Fagus hosts caterpillars of 126 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  Beech nuts are high in protein and fat, and are important food for 🐦︎ birds, deer, bear, fox, squirrel, chipmunk, 🐭︎ mice and 🐖︎ feral hogs.  Beech leaves and twigs provide food for ◼︎ white-tailed deer  Odocoileus virginianus late in the season, when there is very little other food available.

This plant is known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.   "Beech Bark Disease:  A Management Breakthrough?" by Plant Doctor at MSU.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Learn more about American beech Fagus grandifolia

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Missouri Botanical Garden Missouri Plants Flora of North America USDA PLANTS db USFS Wikipedia