Also called North American beech.

Part of beech  genus Fagus in beech / oak  family Fagaceae in bayberry / beech / birch / oak / walnut  order Fagales.

Native to 🇨🇦 Canada, 🇺🇸 USA and 🇲🇽 Mexico, east of the 🗻︎ Rocky Mountains.   ▭ 🌎︎ Map (North America, Central America),  Adobe Acrobat Reader file ▭ 🌎︎ today + with climate change (eastern 🇺🇸 USA).

Uses by native peoples
(Ethnobotany database)
  Found in climax forests, with birch and 🍁︎ maple.  Famous for 👥︎ people carving their initials in this "initial tree".  Leaves may be bronze-color in 🍂︎ autumn.

From a distance, American beech trees sometimes look like hemlock  genus Tsuga.   Even though one is has tiny conifer needles, and the other has large broadleaves.  Must be something about the trees' overall shape, and the horizontal way they carry their branches.

Fagus hosts caterpillars of 126 species
of butterflies and moths, in some areas.
  Beech nuts are high in protein and fat, and are important food for 🐦︎ birds, deer, bear, fox, squirrel  family Sciuridae, chipmunk, 🐭︎ mice and 🐖︎ feral hogs.  Beech leaves and twigs provide food for ◼︎ white-tailed deer  Odocoileus virginianus late in the season, when there is very little other food available.

This plant is known to be a host for (in areas where invasive) 🐝︎ spotted lanternfly (SLF)  Lycorma delicatula.   "Beech Bark Disease:  A Management Breakthrough?" by Plant Doctor at MSU.  Adobe Acrobat Reader file

Learn more about American beech Fagus grandifolia

🔍︎ 🔍︎ images Discover Life Encyclopedia of Life Michigan Flora Missouri Botanical Garden Missouri Plants Flora of North America NRCS PLANTS db Silvics USFS Wikipedia